Featured

Mustard VX and Sarin Gases used in Training for Chemical Warfare Schools 1978 Environmental Impact Statement

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Establishment of the US Army NBC Defense School
16 August 1978 (Revised 21 Nov 1978)

GB is Sarin Gas
VX is a Nerve agent
Mustard Gas burns the skin, lungs, eyes etc
U is Uranium
Pu is Plutonium
Cs is Cesium 137

Background on Joint training and the manuals

The Training at Treasure Island referred to in this Environmental Impact Statement for the creation of a new Chemical Biological and Radiological School which also includes the Environmental impact of a school. The entire book is an instruction manual on the use of Mustard, Sarin and VX Nerve Gas well as biological aand radiological training with step by step instructions.

This has been consistent in all training manuals, they encompass all sites with the training usually at Edgewood Arsenal, Treasure Island and Fort McClelland as shown below from the 1952 Chemical Warfare Defense manual cites those three sites for same training manuals, I will cite more below. Fort McClelland temporarily took over from Treasure Island from 1967 to the early 1970s when they moved the training devices and mock ups from the west side of the island under the present day housing to the north east side of the island.

This article will focus on the 1978 Report


Continue reading “Mustard VX and Sarin Gases used in Training for Chemical Warfare Schools 1978 Environmental Impact Statement”

6 Nuclear Sites are walking distance from the California Department of Public Health, EPA Region 9 Lab and UC Berkeley Richmond Campus – link

Article detailing 6 nuclear sites that have not been cleaned up and are in proximity to the very organizations that are responsible for cleaning up Toxic and Radiological waste not only for California but for CA, NV, OR, WA, HI, the Pacific and all Native Tribes

OH and UC Berkeley Richmond Campus is located across the street from a former Uranium processing plant that the record shows it was not cleaned for nuclear radiation. EPA Region 9 Lab is on the campus.

Thought I would mention it.

NAVFAC command building contract to be built on Treasure Island 1967

Defense industry bulletin. 1967

Today NAVFAC is the organization charged with cleaning up Treasure Island and they were building their HQ on Treasure Island in 1967. NAVFAC claims to be nuetral on the contamination at the site but their command has historically been not only on toxic waste sites, they were in command of making the sites contaminated. All of a sudden NAVFAC doesn’t know about the toxins?

Post War Re-organization of the Navy and the beginning of Radiological Training at Treasure Island

Naval training bulletin. October 1946 page 28

Training begins

The Bureau of Medicine was training medical personnel in Radiological Safety starting at Treasure Island on 4 July 1947.

The Damage Control School was in operation continuously since World War II and they were experimenting on various ways to clean up ships parked at Treasure Ilsand that were used in the Atomic Test at Bikini Atoll in 1946 but the first formal courses to be used continuously for 2 decades started at Treasure Island in January of 1948.

In November 1946
Training begins with a correspondence Course to get traininees ready for actual hands on training to be done later and to weed out the prospects.

November 1946 issue of US Naval Training Bulletin pp. 40-41

https://hdl.handle.net/2027/uiug.30112119813316?urlappend=%3Bseq=361%3Bownerid=113434308-365

Formal Course schedule of Radiological Safety 6 weeks of training at Treasure Island

Naval training bulletin. January 1948

The Navy started Radiological Training at Treasure Island in January 1948 but they had individual courses before aminly by the Bureau of Medicine.

IN 1946 Operation Crossroads was used to figureout how to clean up after an atomic bomb balst. Instead they accidentally irradiated most ofhte Pacific Fleet support ships that were not supposed to be irradiated. So tehy sent the ships to ports on the West Coast and at Norfolk to figure ut how to clean them and this led to the ships being parked at Treasure ISland where the Damage Control School was figuring out ways to clean up these ships and develop training courses that started in 1948.

It took them that time to develop the training manuals for radiological safety.

Training tranfers from Treasure Island to Fort McClellan Fall 1967

US Naval Training Bulletin Fall 1967

Dumping nuclear waste off of San Francisco EPA Deep Water Dredge Report 1993

Science Applications International Corporation, and United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region IX. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Designation of a Deep Water Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site Off San Francisco, California. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 1993.

This report also indicates the Army and Naval Chemical Warfare munitions dumped at sea along with the radioactive waste dumped outside of San Francisco, here is the map

Science Applications International Corporation, and United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region IX. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Designation of a Deep Water Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site Off San Francisco, California. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 1993.
Science Applications International Corporation, and United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region IX. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Designation of a Deep Water Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site Off San Francisco, California. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 1993

Acid was used by the Navy to remove radioactive materials from piping systems inside of ships. When the Navy cleaned ships that were used in the Nuclear Weapons Tests, they used firehoses to put out fires and to wash the radioactive materials off the ships and by doing so they contaminated the support ships that were placed outside of the blast range that were pumping the water through their systems to spray it on the target vessels. They continued this type of training on Treasure Island in the area near the lagoon and Building 3.

Here is a video on that cleanup and how they irradiated the support ships by pumping radioactive water from the lagoon onto the ships hit by the blast. https://youtu.be/BKH437o14vA “Decontamination of Ships after an Atomic Test Bikini Atoll 1946”

Here is the Navy Order to dump radioactive Acid into San Francisco Bay, Bremeerton, San Diego, Terminal Island, Pearl Harbor and all other bases that received Ships irradiated by the Atomic Bomb tests in the Pacific dated December 4, 1946:

Here is the order to dump Plutonium in Radioactive Sand from Sandblasting these ships to be dumped in the harbors including San Francisco Bay and all of the other Navy bases that received ships contaminated in the Atomic Bomb tests at Bikini Atoll. This also includes Norfolk VA.

weho carried away he radioactive sand If you search for the words “Cover Up” you will see the Navy deciding to classify all of this contamination and to not inform the barge owners and dock workers of the contamination to cover themselves from liability.

Science Applications International Corporation, and United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region IX. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Designation of a Deep Water Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site Off San Francisco, California. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 1993
Science Applications International Corporation, and United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region IX. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Designation of a Deep Water Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site Off San Francisco, California. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 1993

Chemical Munitions

Note that Treasure Island Naval Base had a Chemical Warfare School where they used Mustard Gas, a poison gas for live training and for biological and radiological training. They were trained in Offensive and Defensive training up until the Treaty was signed to outlaw offensive Chemical and Biological Warfare in 1972. Thereafter they trained for defensive training, how to clean up after a nuclear attack or a chemical weapons attack or a biological warfare attack.

The Navy is currently finding munitions under public housing on Treasure Island and they are exploding them in violation of navy regulations on proximity to civilian housing.

Note that the lewisite dumped into the Farallon Islands chemical munitions from the Army is a chemical that is made up of Acetylene and Arsenic. When they were digging up Treasure Island, they found what they call a bubble of arsenic downstream from the location of a training ship mock up which was used to train sailors to use fire hoses to clean off poison gas. This fits with the training. Treasure Island is a man made island, the Navy claims it is natural for Arsenic to be in the soil, but the entire island was dredged from the Bay, there is nothing natural to the island.

Science Applications International Corporation, and United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region IX. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Designation of a Deep Water Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site Off San Francisco, California. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 1993
Science Applications International Corporation, and United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region IX. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Designation of a Deep Water Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site Off San Francisco, California. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 1993

Notice the US Navy 1993 dumping explosives and toxic chemical ammunition in 1993 when they closed down the training at Treasure Island for Chemical Biological and Radiological warfare.

Science Applications International Corporation, and United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Region IX. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Designation of a Deep Water Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site Off San Francisco, California. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IX, 1993


The USS Independence Air Craft Carrier survived two Atomic Bomb Explosions at the Bikini Atoll in 1946, the first set of nuclear tests in the Pacific. The ship was irradiated by neutron radiation which made the iron in the ship become a radioactive isotope of Iron and thus they were unable to recover the ship for use. They tried many procedures and experiments to clean the ships used in the nuclear tests but were unable to clean them. So the Navy stuffed the ship with as much nuclear waste as they could find and sank it in what is now the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary.

This is a Mercury News article on the finding of the USS Independence which was not at the Farallon Islands as they expected. The coordinates published by the Navy for the nuclear waste dumping are not accurate adn one would hope so as this is really nasty stuff!

https://www.mercurynews.com/2015/04/16/scientists-find-radioactive-wwii-aircraft-carrier-off-san-francisco-coast/

Fort Mason in San Francisco received nuclear materials from Atomic Energy Commission and NRC

BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR
NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO,
CALIFORNIA, MAY 19, 1995

The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and later the Nuclear Regulatory Commission sent radioactive materials to Fort Mason in San Francisco which is right next to Fisherman’s Wharf. Every Naval Base, ship or other location had radiological training where they received radioactive isotopes from the Atomic Energy Commission or later by the Department of Energy or the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The base was the location of the Military Sea¬†Transportation Service. Form AEC-313.

Continue reading “Fort Mason in San Francisco received nuclear materials from Atomic Energy Commission and NRC”

Hearing Frequencies of Marine Mammals that can be injured by sound waves from Construction

Construction of Piers and other shoreline construction can damage and impair Marine Mammals. The City of San Francisco has applied to be able to Harass and kill Humpback Whales, Gray Whales, Sea Lions, Harbour Porpoise, Bottle Nose Dolphins, Northern Fur Seals, Harbor Seals and Sea Elephants for their construction project at Treasure Island.

The text of their applications include references to the frequencies of sound that can harm the animals. For instance Sonar has a negative effect on Dolphins. So this list is from an application to harass and/or kill Marine Mammals in Alameda from 2020 “Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to the Alameda Marina Shoreline Improvement Project”

Hearing group
Low-frequency (LF) cetaceans (baleen whales)
Mid-frequency (MF) cetaceans (dolphins, toothed whales, beaked whales, bottlenose whales)
High-frequency (HF) cetaceans (true porpoises, Kogia, river dolphins, cephalorhynchid, Lagenorhynchus cruciger & L. australis)
Phocid pinnipeds (PW) (underwater) (true seals)
Otariid pinnipeds (OW) (underwater) (sea lions and fur seals)
*‚ÄČRepresents the generalized hearing range for the entire group as a composite (i.e., all species within the group), where individual species’ hearing ranges are typically not as broad. Generalized hearing range chosen based on ~65 dB threshold from normalized composite audiogram, with the exception for lower limits for LF cetaceans (Southall et al. 2007) and PW pinniped (approximation).

TRAINING NAVY PERSONNEL AT THE ARMY CHEMICAL CENTER Jan 1950

Practical Instruction in Radiological Defense Jan 1950 Naval Training Bulletin
Note the Geiger counters and the unseen target of interest. The counter must be lined up perfectly to detect the object buried in the yard

TRAINING NAVY PERSONNEL AT THE ARMY CHEMICAL CENTER

Jan 1950 Naval Training Bulletin Published monthly by the Bureau of Naval Personnel
https://hdl.handle.net/2027/uiug.30112119813282?urlappend=%3Bseq=687

DURING the academic year 1948-49, over 1,000 students attended the Chemical Corps School at Edgewood, Maryland, as representatives of the Naval Service. These students included Regular and Reserve officers of the Line, Medical Department, Civil Engineering Corps, Supply Corps, and Marine Corps, as well as many civilian employees of the shore establishment.

Continue reading “TRAINING NAVY PERSONNEL AT THE ARMY CHEMICAL CENTER Jan 1950”

Damage Control G 1963 US Navy Occupational Handbook

U.S. Navy Occupational Handbook, Bureau of Naval Personnel 1963 pp.85-86
https://hdl.handle.net/2027/uc1.c2676026?urlappend=%3Bseq=85

YOUR NAVY CAREER No. G35

UNITED STATES NAVY VOCATIONAL INFORMATION BRIEF

Damage Controlman (DC)

U. S. Navy vessels are equipped with the most modern safety and survival devices known to maritime science. Preservation of this equipment and safety of personnel are the primary responsibilities of highly skilled technicians known as Damage Controlmen.

DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Damage Controlmen are qualified in the techniques, skills, and use of equipment for damage control; carpentry; fire fighting; and atomic, biological, and chemical (ABC) warfare defense. They are responsible for maintaining and repairing damage control equipment and for preserving watertight integrity. Continue reading “Damage Control G 1963 US Navy Occupational Handbook”

TI-Atomic, Biological and Chemical Training at Treasure Island California 1957

Medical News Letter, Vol. 26, No. 5 p. 24
Friday, September 20, 1957

Information for Medical Officers Medical officers are encouraged to attend one of the following courses of instruction in the indoctrination of the defensive aspects of atomic, biological, and chemical warfare. Each course is five weeks in duration.

Two weeks are devoted to atomic warfare defense; two weeks to biological chemical warfare defense; and the fifth week to the planning and damage control aspects of special weapons handling. Secret clearance is required for all or any phase of the courses, and prospective students should familiarize themselves with the contents of OpNav Instruction 5510. 1A. Additional information on the courses may be found in BuPers Instruction 1500. 25 and BuPers Notice 1500 of 10 May 1955. Requests for attendance should be processed m accordance with local instructions. Convening dates for the remainder of Fiscal Year 1956 are contained in the directives above. Continue reading “TI-Atomic, Biological and Chemical Training at Treasure Island California 1957”