Rear Admiral Montoya’s false claim The Navy had No Nuclear Accidents in Testimony before Congress

Congressional Testimony Battlegroup-cruiser Destroyer Group Homeporting, San Francisco Bay 1987 testimony with Letter to Barbara Boxer admitted to Hearing.

I will show the testimony and then list the nuclear accidents below. I will fill in the references over time as the amount of material is quite extensive.

Rear Admiral Montoya’s testimony

Comment F-4.1 “Regarding your concerns relative to a nuclear weapon incident, all U.S. Navy nuclear weapons are designed with multiple safety features. They are subject to rigorous analyses and testing to ensure weapon integrity even in the event of an accident. Built-in safety features are enhanced by strict administrative, safety and security procedures and controls, as well as the use of trained personnel who are subject to stringent reliability screening.

“The design and operating procedures for nuclear weapon systems are reviewed and approved by the Department of Defense and the Department of Energy to ensure they comply with U.S. nuclear weapon system safety standards. Periodic audits are conducted by independent Department of Defense and U.S. Navy oversight organizations to verify compliance with safety standards. In view of the multiple safety measures taken for U.S. Navy nuclear weapons, it is not credible that a nuclear weapon will explode accidentally due to a nuclear chain reaction.

“In over 30 years of deploying U.S. Navy nuclear weapons, there has never been an accident involving a nuclear weapon which resulted in a nuclear explosion, nor has a nuclear weapon incident ever occurred which resulted in any nuclear hazard to the public, civilian property or the environment.” SOURCE: Letter to Barbara Boxer from Rear Admiral B. F. Montoya, U.S. Navy, 15 April 1987. IV.3


Broken Arrow incidents where the Navy lost nuclear weapons

A-4E Skyhawk attack aircraft Carrying Hydrogen bomb fell off of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga Air Craft Carrier into the Pacific Ocean off of Japan December 5, 1965 when the Captain of the ship decided to turn the ship sharply while they were raising the airplane on the elevator, so it fell off the ship and sank 500 miles off the Japanese Coast.

Lost nuclear submarines

U.S.S. Scorpion Nuclear Submarine Sank in 1968
U.S.S. Thresher April 10, 1963
U.S.S. Guardfish radioactive resin accident 1975
U.S.S. Puffer Submarine radioactive water spill at Puget Sound
U.S.S. Proteus (submarine tender) leak of radioactive water at 100 mrems per hour. 100 Mrems is the total safe dose for a civilian in a Year!

Navy Nuclear Reactor Melt downs and tests of nuclear materials

The Seabees nuked Antarctica, they built the nuclear reactor at McMurdo that melted down and exploded
The US NAVY’s Post Graduate School at Monterey the nuclear reactor melted down but did not explode.

Portable nuclear power reactors

The USNRDL exposed fuel rods to neutron and gamma radiation with seawater at depth. The Navy’s SNAP Reactor tests at Hunters Point Shipyard after the Santa Susana nuclear disasters to create a portable nuclear reactor that will withstand sea water at depth and to be used in Spacecraft and other purposes. The program is similar to the Army’s ML-1 Reactor which was also a portable nuclear reactor that could be placed on a truck or an airplane and put into operation immediately to power a whole base. The component Parts of these portable reactors were made all over the Bay Area with reactors that today reside in housing developments.

Nuclear Weapons Tests

The Nuclear Tests in the Pacific which irradiated vast areas causing complete collapse of natural areas and subjecting thousands of people to nuclear radiation at the local level and of course background radiation throughout the world.

The Navy cleaned ships used in Nuclear Tests and thus dumped Plutonium, and other Radioisotopes directly into the Bays of the Bases at San Francisco, San Diego, Port Humene, Pearl Harbor, Mare Island, the San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point, Bremerton and Puget Sound, Guam and the Marianas, thus getting into the food chain directly.

The USNRDL, US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory at Hunters Point Shipyard

USNRDL US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory conducted Radiological Experiments throughout the Bay Area including San Francisco, San Bruno, Treasure Island, Mare Island, Pittsburg, Dublin in the Bay Area and at Port Huemene, The Farallon Islands, The Channel Islands, the Pacific Proving Grounds, and they exploded a hydrogen bomb 500 miles off the coast of San Diego, it was an underwater explosion.

The USNRDL also conducted Radiation Shielding experiments on ships in the southern most point of the shipyard which included acquiring neutron radiation sources to bombard the ship components with radiation. At first the neutron device was in the actual USNRDL lab but its neutron radiation (it was rated at 10 billion Rads per second) conflicted with the other experiments even with the protection and so they dedicated a building for it near the largest drydock and controlled that device from another building to save people’s lives.

See my Chronology Page for details on these subjects.

Downtown San Francisco within Contamination Range of Treasure Island Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare training sites

Red line is the 4 mile radius, light blue green is the 3 mile radius and the white line if the 2 mile radius contamination zones of Treasure Island
contamination Zones for Treasure Island, Fort Mason, Hunters Point Shipyard and the former Navy Dispensary of Fell Street which is highlighting the one mile marker in Yellow so it showed up on this map. The other colors and their designations: Inner Red is 1 mile radius, White is 2 miles, blue-green is 3 miles and outer red is 4 miles.

Treasure Island contamination Zones are well within the city of San Francisco, including City Hall which is just within the 4 mile limit of TI. Ground water and air contamination zones go out from the source to four miles from the site. This applies to all toxic waste sites. For each mile marker there is a separate level of contamination depending on its type and source. The people of San Francisco are directly affected by the Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare training on Treasure Island.

For some strange reason the State of California allows people to build on toxic waste sites and they seem to limit the borders of the contamination to the property line of the site of the contamination. But under Federal Law, 40 CFR Appendix A to Part 300 – The Hazard Ranking System which is used to determine if a site is subject to Superfund status, the range of contamination goes out to various distances from the exact contamination site.

This means that most of silicon Valley is in huge trouble as they not only have large areas of contamination, the distances of risk encompass most of the land area. the problem is far larger than the fence line of your property! There are various distances listed in the law: 40 CFR Appendix A to Part 300 – The Hazard Ranking System

200 Feet from the exact site of contamination

Note at Treasure Island residents live on the sites, Either directly over the contamination or adjacent to it.

  • “5.1.1 Resident population threat. Evaluate the resident population threat only if there is an area of observed contamination in one or more of the following locations:
  • Within the property boundary of a residence, school, or day care center and within 200 feet of the respective residence, school, or day care center, or
  • Within a workplace property boundary and within 200 feet of a workplace area, or
  • Within the boundaries of a resource specified in section, or Within the boundaries of a terrestrial sensitive environment specified in section
  • If not, assign the resident population threat a value of 0, enter this value in Table 5-1, and proceed to the nearby population threat (section 5.1.2).”
Radioactive contamination of the Housing sites at Treasure Island, People live there!

Quarter of a Mile from the exact site of contamination – Level I Contamination

Which means all of the housing at TI. The calculation includes the number of residents within this distance. Under these regulations, the current residents need to be evacuated.

Map showing quarter mile distances (Level I) from Site 12 where the housing is located. Outer red is the 1 mile zone (Level II) from the northwest corner of Site 12
City Hall is in Level 1 Range from the Navy Dispensary on Fell Street which was the home of Task Force I Operation Crossroads Medical Officer (Captain Walsh) office was located and where RADIAC Training took place along with the officers who were directly contaminated as they experimented with techniques to clean the ships used in the nuclear tests in the Pacific.

Quarter of a mile to 1 Mile from the exact site of contamination – Level II Contamination

Everyone on Treasure Island. If Treasure Island is developed the 21000 people within this distance will increase the risk by a factor of 10 where if any radiation or chemical contamination is found on the site, it will require a total evacuation until the site is remediated. The Board of Supervisors (BOS) will have to face an immediate and emergency evacuation of Treasure Island are they prepared? did anyone mention this to the BOS?

Fort Mason, location where Atomic Energy Commission sent Radio-Isotopes for use by Naval Bases and the location during world war II for Military Sea Transportation Service. Red is quarter of a mile while light blue-green is 1 mile.

3 Miles from exact site of Contamination

This covers most of the Business district of San Francisco. Applies to Groundwater and Air contamination

4 Miles air and Groundwater Contamination

All the way to City Hall from Treasure Isand – Applies to Groundwater and Air contamination See notes below

Continue reading “Downtown San Francisco within Contamination Range of Treasure Island Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare training sites”

Treasure Island was an EPA Site and the Navy covered up the contamination in 1988!

ABC Warfare Defense, Navy Training Course, Bureau of Naval Personnel, NAVPERS, 1960 10099 p 124.
Notice Alcatraz in the background and the headlands from my article and note this is located where buildings 1311 and 1313 were located.
TI-The Smoking Gun – Chemical Warfare test at Treasure Island Navy evaluates methods use to clean up Mustard Gas

Treasure Island was an EPA site for RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act) (RCRA) Laws and Regulations for Hazardous Waste and this report from 1991 states it was listed on 2/12/1988. I have the full text of the report below with a table indicating that Treasure Island was a separate and distinct EPA site from “Treasure Island, Hunters Point Annex” and the Shipyard was still yet another EPA site. Then you add in Yerba Buena Island, the coast guard station was also added to that list of distinct sites.

Enclosed in this text of the “Fact Sheet Federal Agency Hazardous Waste Compliance Docket” 1991 from the EPA. This EPA report includes a cover sheet, the EPA Fact Sheet, the Federal Register report and an EPA spreadsheet showing over 1600 government owned sites that were placed on this list. To see the full spreadsheet you will need to download the report. I will include Bay Area and other related sites in a table at the end of this document.

The listing required certain reports to be made within 18 months for the EPA once a site is placed on this list and this is a link to that report which does not mention the fact that this site was the Navy’s (ABC) Atomic, Biological and Chemical Training Center which was still in operation on the site when they made the report and continued up to the closing of the base! Here is the report:


This shows the original location of the USS Pandemonium beneath the current location of low-cost housing. And note buildings 1311 and 1313 are located to the bottom right in this circle showing they were downstream from the USS Pandemonium for the contaminants that were washed off its decks.

UIC: N60028
Prepared by:
Dames & Moore
San Francisco, California
Contract No. N62474-85-C-3385
PA/SI Team Members
Ann M. Becker, Team Leader, Engineer
Carol L. Creasey, Hydrogeologist
James G. Ritchie, Geologist
Dale D. Shileikis, Biologist
William H. Welsh, Engineer
Naval Energy and Environmental Support Activity
Project Manager
Ronald E. Tickle
Prepared For:
Naval Energy and Environmental Support Activity
Port Hueneme, California 94043
April 1988


The follow, up report the 1990 report DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT CANDIDATE BASE CLOSURES / REALIGNMENT SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA, Department of the Navy Western Division Naval Facilities Engineering on Table D-1.11-indicates that no samples were taken of Site 2 in the 1988 report (above) so they just took the word of the Navy that nothing bad happened there! The case was closed by the 1988 report!

The Navy lied and covered up their contamination of the island in 1988. All of the activity since then is all based on their cover up. Port Huemene (which also has ABC warfare contaminated sites which I list below) which compiled this report is directly implicated in radiological tests on locations throughout the Bay Area and at Test Sites with the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory and so the Navy chose the Foxes to guard the Hen House!

The US Navy’s training publication, “Naval Training Bulletin” regularly published articles and schedules of Atomic Biological and Chemical Training at Treasure Island and I have compiled a Chronological listing of the contamination starting in 1946 and it is at my Chronology Page which can be accessed at the top of this blog or here.

I wonder if these circle marks in the lawns of Treasure Island are caused by the chemical weapons training at Treasure Island in the above Photograph from the Navy Training Bulletin?
ABC Warfare Defense, Navy Training Course, Bureau of Naval Personnel, NAVPERS, 1960 10099 p 124.
5 gallons of TCE to one gallon of concentrated Chlorine
TI-The Smoking Gun – Chemical Warfare test at Treasure Island Navy evaluates methods use to clean up Mustard Gas

Note the Biological warfare test in 1950 which they filmed to turn the test into a training film where they purposely contaminated the 116 square Miles of the city of San Francisco, the Bay and on into Oakland. In the film you see the minesweeper based at Treasure Island spraying the bacteria outside of the Golden Gate to be carried by the winds, where it hospitalized 12 people and killed one. The Bacterium was thought to be harmless when exposed to 18 year old recruits but it turned out to be a disease that causes cancer. The Navy has been continuously damaging the immune systems of the people of San Francisco since 1946.

The ABC Warfare Defense Training Manual from 1960 and 1963 was photographed at Treasure Island, and the pictures are here in this article. The 1963 version is online at https://hdl.handle.net/2027/osu.32435011833688

In 1964, the USNRDL, the US Navy Radiological Defense Laboratory based at Hunters point Shipyard conducted a chemical warfare test at Treasure Island to see how effective a new cleaning agent DS2, Decontamination Solution 2 was in cleaning up Mustard Gas as compared to DANC. Treasure Island had mustard gas on hand to test. This photograph shows a mechanized gun being cleaned of Mustard Gas with the first USS Pandemonium training mock up ship in the background. Today houses are located on that site! TI-The Smoking Gun – Chemical Warfare test at Treasure Island Navy evaluates methods use to clean up Mustard Gas

5 inch Gun at Treasure Island California used for chemical training. Note the USS pandemonium in the background looking east by southeast. p 15, The gun mount is shown in Fig. 8.” Page 15, Field Decontamination Studies with Chemical Warfare Decontaminating Solution D52 https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/612665.pdf

And here is a direct link to that report: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/612665.pdf
DS2 solution was banned by the Navy in 1986 because it is almost as bad as the chemical warfare agents, it kills life on contact. This means that all Navy Bases and all ships used this substance since the training on Treasure Island was to train people to conduct this training on their bases and ships.

Note that Lewisite is a chemical weapon made of arsenic and acetylene which is an oil substance and the arsenic bubble detailed in the February 8 2021 San Francisco Board of Supervisors Meeting is located just downstream from the Original USS Pandemonium that was located where public housing is today. Lewisite is used with Mustard Gas as a combined chemical weapon and we know Mustard Gas was used at this location, where buildings 1311 and 1313 were located. There are two culverts that were used to collect the run off next to the sea barrier.

ABC Warfare Defense Training Manual from 1960 and 1963,
USS Pandemonium Treasure Island
ABC Warfare Defense Training Manual from 1960 and 1963
USS Pandemonium Treasure Island

Oh and if someone at the Board of Supervisors can explain who authorized the permit to harass and kill Marine Mammals: Gray Whales, Humpback Whales, Sea Lions, Harbor Seals, Harbor Porpoise, Northern Elephant Seals, and Northern Fur Seals, including Gray Whales to put in the Ferry Pier at Treasure Island, that would be helpful! The city of San Francisco featured in the movie “Star Trek Voyage Home,” has become the Whalers! TI- City of San Francisco application to Harass and Kill take Marine Mammals to build Ferry Pier on Treasure Island

The Navy covered up the Atomic Biological and Chemical Training at TI. Their willful actions have killed people. The City must evacuate all people from the island and seek JUSTICE!

The Document:

Date: 01/10/92

Listing by Region

Continue reading “Treasure Island was an EPA Site and the Navy covered up the contamination in 1988!”

Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to the Alameda Marina Shoreline Improvement Project April 29 2020


National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.


Notice; proposed incidental harassment authorization; request for comments on proposed authorization and possible renewal.


NMFS has received a request from Pacific Shops, Inc. (Pacific Shops) for authorization to take marine mammals incidental to the Alameda Marina Shoreline Improvement Project in Alameda, CA over two years. Pursuant to the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), NMFS is requesting comments on its proposal to issue two incidental harassment authorizations (IHAs) to incidentally take marine mammals during the specified activities. NMFS is also requesting comments on possible one-year renewals that could be issued under certain circumstances and if all requirements are met, as described in Request for Public Comments at the end of this notice. NMFS will consider public comments prior to making anyStart Printed Page 23791final decision on the issuance of the requested MMPA authorizations, and agency responses will be summarized in the final notice of our decision.


Comments and information must be received no later than May 29, 2020.

Continue reading “Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to the Alameda Marina Shoreline Improvement Project April 29 2020”