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MAP of Mock up of Ship used in Biological, Chemical and Radiological Training at TI

The First USS Pandemonium, a mock up of a training ship was used for Biological, Chemical and Radiological Training at Treasure Island. This article presents the maps of the island, past 1959 and present Google maps with an aerial photograph of the ship from 1969. How the overlay was made.

Map of Ship with current Google Map of Treasure Island

In 1957, the Navy built the first USS Pandemonium to be used as a training vessel built on land for (ABC) Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare Training.

Current map with the ships opacity so you can see the streets below. The ship goes through building 1315 and across the street into building 1316. When the Navy excvates those buildings, they will find even more radiation and contamination.

This image (Below) is from the Figure 8.3-21 Former USS Pandemonium Location on Northwest Corner, Treasure Island Naval Station Historical Radiological Assessment February 2006 page 8-24

Figure 8.3-21 Former USS Pandemonium Location on Northwest Corner, Treasure Island Naval Station Historical Radiological Assessment February 2006 page 8-24 Notice the three tanks in the triangle shape, the lead lines got ot two different tanks from the taink used for the washing off the radioactive materials from the ship during training.

Notice the slanted line in the ship photograph matches up with the slanted line in the 1959 map as well as teh curve in the road adn the dirt road street to the right, including the rectangular structure to the far right all matches up with the map below.

1959 USGS Map of Treasure Island Historical Topographic Map Collection detail of CA_Oakland West_293624_1959_24000

And then the overlay of the present Google map on the 1959 USGS map shows the Avenue B as the road that the dirt road corresponds with on the 1959 map

Historical Topographic Map Collection

Resulting in the map at the top of this blog

Also notice the two tanks in the triangle shape which has a land component in its middle and the tank near the road which was the immediate collection tank from washing chemcial, biological and radiological material off the ship.

The training took place every 2 weeks because the radioactive bromide’s half life makes it “safe” in 1950s standards for safety to be dumped into the bay. Of course if you tried this today it would be illegal.

That tank would have the material sit in it for two weeks before being dumped into one of the other two tanks to sit out for 4 weeks before being dumped into the bay. If you look close you can see the little channels leading to each tank in the large triangle. Three tanks were needed to keep the operation going every 2 weeks.

The Triangle is in the Meadow which is where they found the high concentrations of Arsenic. Lewisite is a chemical weapon made of arsenic and acetylene and fits the description of the toxins.

The pandemonium in silhouette with a self propelled gun used in Mustard Gas Experiments at Treasure Island by the Office of Naval Research in 1964. Note hte Mustard Gas experiments are to the north of the ship in what is now the SWDA site where they found a mortar capable of shelling the Bay Bridge.

ABC School means Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare Training School. This text is on page 1 of the of Office of Naval Research Mustard Gas test at Treasure Island:

“BACKGROUND

As a result of the favorable properties reported for the U.S. Army Chemical Corps chemical warfare decontaminant DS2, tests of this material under shipboard conditions appeared desirable. Accordingly, the Bureau of Ships requested the ABC Defense School, Treasure Island, to submit plans for conduct of the tests by its own staff. It was expected that this group would be capable of performing the evaluation both efficiently and from a shipboard point of view.

Test plans were developed by the Treasure Island group and forwarded to the Bureau of Ships. The plans were studied by the Bureau and this Laboratory and approved with minor changes. A target of January 1959, was set for the test period, at which time a supply of DS2 could be supplied through the cooperation of the U.S. Army Chemical Corps.

The chemical warfare agent chosen for the DS2 evaluation tests was mustard gas (HD). Laboratory tests by the Chemical Corps had shown that mustard is the most difficult of the common persistent CW agents to decontaminate with DS2 (1). In addition, mustard was readily available at the ABC school, is safe to handle with reasonable precautions, and is capable of punishing the careless or unprotected worker by burns of varying severity.” Link to the Chemical Warfare Test using Mustard Gas at Treasure Island in 1964.

Below is the full 1959 map:

1959 USGS Map of Treasure Island Historical Topographic Map Collection detail of CA_Oakland West_293624_1959_24000
This map also shows the

Figure 8.3-21 Former USS Pandemonium Location on Northwest Corner, Treasure Island Naval Station Historical Radiological Assessment February 2006 page 8-24

1951 TI-ATOMIC AND CHEMICAL TRAINING IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA 1951 https://treasureislandcalifornia.wordpress.com/2020/12/27/ti-atomic-and-chemical-training-in-the-san-francisco-area-1951/

TRAINING IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA Naval training bulletin, June 1951 Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : Bureau of Naval Personnel

Treasure Island San Francisco lost its Nuclear Regulatory Commission License over incompetency in 1985

In Reference to the Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) at Treasure Island, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Inspector wrote the following and the actual document is below: “I explained that it did not appear that he had any experience with radioactive materials” Immediately after this inspection the base sent its Cesium 137 to Oakland for disposal, giving up the ship! They would return a year later with all the forms done and with a new staff.

NRC Conversation over phone on the qualifications of Treasure islands Radiological Officer and it turns out he had no direct experience with radiation. After this call Treasure Island surrendered its radiological sources for disposal in Oakland,

Here is the surrender of the material to Oakland:

NRC Violations

Treasure Island Navy Base violated NRC Regulations over many years, not checking the devices for leaks and they ignored the NRC until it got to the point where the NAVY had to surrender its Cesium 137 for its training devices in Building 343 in 1985 (above).

The next year the Navy came back with a full staff with all the qualifications necessary to do the job, but up to that point it was all in the hands of people who were not qualified and today we see the result, radioactive materials buried all over the island.

Note the US Treasury also had a facility on Treasure Island that had licenses for radioactive foils, foils just like the ones found under the housing at Treasure Island and it too had NRC Violations, and i will write that in a separate article.

Treasure Island Nuclear Regulatory Commission license dated March 24 1982

VIOLATIONS:

NRC Link
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Navy Radiological Affairs Support Office Inspection of Treasure Island 15 April 1974

RADIOLOGICAL AFFAIRS SUPPORT OFFIC E
REPORT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE VISIT
TO NAVAL SCHOOLS COMMAND, TREASURE
ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, -CALIFORNIA
15 APRIL 1974

Whereas the Navy denies that there were no radiological materials used on Treasure Island despite finding 90 REMS per year, this report in its entirety indicates the use of several radioactive isotopes in the training including Plutonium and Cesium137. Someone in the Navy is lying and the result is homeless people living inside the Radioactive Isotope Vault and other radioactive areas. The signs warning of the radiation depended on electricity and so they are not present today, neither are the regular radiation signs that should be present. this negligence is a violation of the law. the Navy has to answer to that law!

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Radiation Training on Treasure Island using isotopes

From 1970 onwards the Navy used short lived Isotopes that they would paint onto surfaces of a mock up of a training ship the USS Pandemonium where they washed it off and scrubbed it off the ship into the Bay. Here is the training from United States. Army. U.S. Army Nuclear, Biological And Chemical School (AL,MD): Environmental Impact Statement. , 1979. We know it was done at Treasure Island because it says so in this text. We also know this because the training manuals including the 1960 and 1963 “ABC Warfare Defense” Training Manual (Atomic, Biological and Chemical) were photographed on Treasure Island. This is a photograph of the training with Alcatraz and the Marin Headlands in the background.

Note this training was regularly and continuously conducted as they had to train members of all branches of the military. Schedules can be found in navy publications of the times from 1947onwards for ABC Training.

You can see Alcatraz and the Marin Headlands in the background.
RADIOLOGICAL AFFAIRS SUPPORT OFFICE
REPORT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE VISIT
TO NAVAL SCHOOLS COMMAND, TREASURE
ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
15 APRIL 1974
RADIOLOGICAL AFFAIRS SUPPORT OFFICE
REPORT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE VISIT
TO NAVAL SCHOOLS COMMAND, TREASURE
ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
15 APRIL 1974

Note the number of miscellaneous radioluminescent devices, held in a plastic bag were utilized as check sources were radium dials and radium foils that were found buried all around the original location of the USS Pandemonium which is under the housing at Treasure Island. See this article on the amounts of radiation dug up exposing the residents to over 90 REMS of nuclear radiation each year with one object that radiated 30 REMS a year found in 2021.

Here is the step by step training and safety precautions below

Continue reading “Radiation Training on Treasure Island using isotopes”
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Mustard Gas training at Treasure Island

Mustard Gas is a deadly poison that was used in training at Treasure Island. We know this because the US Naval Research Laboratory Washington DC commissioned Treasure Island to conduct Mustard Gas test using two different cleaners to compare their properties and Treasure Island had an ample supply of Mustard Gas, here is the report. Note I will be publishing the other training under separate articles as I am using the images directly from the training manual and this will be easier to upload.

United States. Army. U.S. Army Nuclear, Biological And Chemical School (AL,MD): Environmental Impact Statement. , 1979.

Chemical Warfare School at Treasure Island
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Navy denial of radiation on Treasure Island – the paper trail of the lie

The Navy has denied that any radiological activity took place on Treasure Island even when they have found 60 Rems per year of Radium from the top 10 inches of soil under the public housing on the site and just recently in May 2021 they found another 30 REMS per year of nuclear radiation under the public housing on the site. They originally made these claims while the Radiological School was still in operation on the Island, so there is no excuse, THEY LIED and the politicians have used this lie to perpetrate a fraud on the people of San Francisco, leaving them holding the bag for the cleanup.!

BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR
NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND
CONTRACT N62474-92-D-3607
DELIVERY ORDER (0005)
Prepared For:
Engineering Field Activity West
Naval Facilities Engineering Command
San Bruno, California
May 19, 1995

BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR
NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND

Parcel Identification Map page 17 of 69 in PDF file

This report resides in multiple PDF files on the Envirostor Database and so there will be many links and it is the denial that was used to whitewash the 1995 report to deny any radiological activity but in the fine print it says the direct opposite, citing dumping of radioactive waste on the site where two examples are listed below and other references to the radiation can be found using a simple search of the documents.

The Paper Trail – the following is a list of people and their correspondence who made the false statement in the report that here was no radioactive materials buried on the island.

Page 2-9 is on PDF file page 55 of 69

“Radioactive Materials/Mixed Wastes. File information was reviewed to identify parcels where radioactive materials/mixed wastes were stored and the period of time they were stored. EFA WEST also provided information to ERM-West regarding radiological activities for all of the parcels on Treasure and Yerba Buena Islands. This information was obtained through the Naval Sea Systems Command Detachment, Radiological Affairs Support Office (RASO). A description of the material was included in the database.”

Page 4-8 p 26 of 35 in this PDF file

This is the letter that DTSC uses to claim no radiation at the site. This paragraph is in reference to a chart of each building and areas defined in the map (above) found at the beginning of the document that broke up Treasure Island into 120 separate areas and another 26 on YBI and this chart has no indication of radiation, no checkmarks in the radiation tab for each site. Why would they have it as an item if there are no checkmarks on it anywhere unless the report was censored?

There are other references to the USS Pandemonium and radiological training on Treasure Island in this overall baseline report. Again I want to emphasize that the reports conclusions do not match up with the content in the document.

Note T102 is the location of the first USS Pandemonium where they lost the Radium Needles and Radium materials (see below)

“Radioactive Materials/Mixed Wastes.  A check mark indicates that radioactive materials or mixed wastes are currently or were formerly used, stored, or disposed of on the parcel. This condition may preclude a parcel from being considered for CERFA-eligibility. Radiological issues were of particular concern to regulatory agencies for BRAC classification. Therefore, in addition to the review of on-site records, EFA WEST requested that RASO search for information on known and potential uses of radioactive materials at the base. RASO concurrence is required prior to nomination for CERFA, for lease, or for transfer. In a March 8, 1995, letter from Lt. Commander Heron of EFA WEST, to Mr. David Wang of DTSC, RASO concluded that there is no potential for residual contamination at NAVSTA TI (NSTI) as a result of licensed activities and no radioactive materials were disposed of on site. This conclusion from RASO applies to all parcels at NSTI and is documented in the results and bibliographic reference databases (Appendices A and B, respectively).”


NAVSTA TREASURE ISLAND LIST OF REFERENCES

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Downtown San Francisco within Contamination Range of Treasure Island Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare training sites

Red line is the 4 mile radius, light blue green is the 3 mile radius and the white line if the 2 mile radius contamination zones of Treasure Island
contamination Zones for Treasure Island, Fort Mason, Hunters Point Shipyard and the former Navy Dispensary of Fell Street which is highlighting the one mile marker in Yellow so it showed up on this map. The other colors and their designations: Inner Red is 1 mile radius, White is 2 miles, blue-green is 3 miles and outer red is 4 miles.

Treasure Island contamination Zones are well within the city of San Francisco, including City Hall which is just within the 4 mile limit of TI. Ground water and air contamination zones go out from the source to four miles from the site. This applies to all toxic waste sites. For each mile marker there is a separate level of contamination depending on its type and source. The people of San Francisco are directly affected by the Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare training on Treasure Island.

For some strange reason the State of California allows people to build on toxic waste sites and they seem to limit the borders of the contamination to the property line of the site of the contamination. But under Federal Law, 40 CFR Appendix A to Part 300 – The Hazard Ranking System which is used to determine if a site is subject to Superfund status, the range of contamination goes out to various distances from the exact contamination site.

This means that most of silicon Valley is in huge trouble as they not only have large areas of contamination, the distances of risk encompass most of the land area. the problem is far larger than the fence line of your property! There are various distances listed in the law: 40 CFR Appendix A to Part 300 – The Hazard Ranking System

200 Feet from the exact site of contamination

Note at Treasure Island residents live on the sites, Either directly over the contamination or adjacent to it.

  • “5.1.1 Resident population threat. Evaluate the resident population threat only if there is an area of observed contamination in one or more of the following locations:
  • Within the property boundary of a residence, school, or day care center and within 200 feet of the respective residence, school, or day care center, or
  • Within a workplace property boundary and within 200 feet of a workplace area, or
  • Within the boundaries of a resource specified in section 5.1.1.3.4, or Within the boundaries of a terrestrial sensitive environment specified in section 5.1.1.3.5.
  • If not, assign the resident population threat a value of 0, enter this value in Table 5-1, and proceed to the nearby population threat (section 5.1.2).”
Radioactive contamination of the Housing sites at Treasure Island, People live there!

Quarter of a Mile from the exact site of contamination – Level I Contamination

Which means all of the housing at TI. The calculation includes the number of residents within this distance. Under these regulations, the current residents need to be evacuated.

Map showing quarter mile distances (Level I) from Site 12 where the housing is located. Outer red is the 1 mile zone (Level II) from the northwest corner of Site 12
City Hall is in Level 1 Range from the Navy Dispensary on Fell Street which was the home of Task Force I Operation Crossroads Medical Officer (Captain Walsh) office was located and where RADIAC Training took place along with the officers who were directly contaminated as they experimented with techniques to clean the ships used in the nuclear tests in the Pacific.

Quarter of a mile to 1 Mile from the exact site of contamination – Level II Contamination

Everyone on Treasure Island. If Treasure Island is developed the 21000 people within this distance will increase the risk by a factor of 10 where if any radiation or chemical contamination is found on the site, it will require a total evacuation until the site is remediated. The Board of Supervisors (BOS) will have to face an immediate and emergency evacuation of Treasure Island are they prepared? did anyone mention this to the BOS?

Fort Mason, location where Atomic Energy Commission sent Radio-Isotopes for use by Naval Bases and the location during world war II for Military Sea Transportation Service. Red is quarter of a mile while light blue-green is 1 mile.

3 Miles from exact site of Contamination

This covers most of the Business district of San Francisco. Applies to Groundwater and Air contamination

4 Miles air and Groundwater Contamination

All the way to City Hall from Treasure Isand – Applies to Groundwater and Air contamination See notes below

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2011 Nuclear Radiation Maps of Treasure Island Housing made by the Navy

Citation: TREASURE ISLAND, SITE 12 GAMMA SURVEY REPORT SURVEY DATES: APRIL 5-7, 2011

In 2011 the Navy conducted a radiological survey and found Radium, Thorium, Uranium, Radioactive Potassium and Radioactive Thallium under the housing at Treasure Island by driving a towed array of radiation detectors over the streets and yards producing a map of radiation for the Housing on Site 12 at Treasure Island Naval Base. This article will show many of the maps created of the Radiation at the housing on Treasure Island.

The materials were not cleaned up at the time, but these isotopes give off radiation at certain frequencies and by reading these frequencies we can know what types of materials are giving off the gamma and X rays of these specific isotopes. The Chart below shows the different frequencies and their corresponding isotopes listed across the top. This is gamma radiation. Alpha and Beta radiation require laboratory work to confirm their presence. So you would not be able to detect Plutonium in this study, which was used in the Radiation Training at Treasure Island.

The radiation was centered on the area of the island where the Navy conducted the Radiological, Chemical and Biological Training using mock ups of a ship, the USS Pandemonium, an airplane, and a field gun. Eventually the Navy would collect Radium objects that were in the first 10 inches of soil and place them in boxes to be sorted out later in 2018.

In response to the increase in radiation, the Navy extended the chain link fences in order to protect the residents from what turned out to be a nuclear disaster. See Survey Findings below.

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Building Housing on top of Munitions Bunkers at Treasure Island

Map of Site 12 showing the radiation found in the TREASURE ISLAND, SITE 12 GAMMA SURVEY REPORT
SURVEY DATES: APRIL 5-7, 2011 The red areas are three times the background level of radiation requiring removal.
BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, MAY 19, 1995 Note the T numbers
PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT SITE INSPECTION OF NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND, CA. VOLUME I, NEESA 13-092, NAVAL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUPPORT ACTIVITY, Port Hueneme, California 93043 April 1988

Treasure Island had Ammunition Bunkers located under the housing of the base which is located on the left side of this map and here is a close up below.

The Baseline survey claimed the Navy destroyed the bunkers before they built housing on the site but the bunkers are still there and the Navy has recovered munitions including a report in 2019 of a Japanese Mortar with over 6 pounds of high Explosive just in that one bomb which just for that one item the required setback for any civilian construction is 180 feet according to 27 CFR § 555.218 – Table of distances for storage of explosive materials. https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/27/555.218.

27 CFR § 555.218 – Table of distances for storage of explosive materials. https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/27/555.218
27 CFR § 555.218 – Table of distances for storage of explosive materials. https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/27/555.218

The Japanese Mortar Shell was one of many munitions listed in the 2019 report removed and detonated at Travis Air Force Base according to the
FINAL POST-CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT Non-Time Critical Removal Action for Solid Waste Disposal Areas Westside Drive, Bayside Drive, and North Point Drive, Radiological Characterization, Building Demolition, and Remediation, Installation Restoration Site 12 (Phase III) FORMER NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, December 2019, p 4-24

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