Training manuals of the US Navy for Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare

I will be adding content to this as there are many training manuals and I will provide links to those online. I have to go through all ofthem. Here are some relating directly to Treasure Island, indicated in the documents.

ABC WARFARE DEFENSE 1960 and 1963 photogaphed at Treasure Island

Photographed on Treasure Island. Notice the Marine Headlands in the background and Alcatraz Island. This is near the Arsenic bubble that the Navy had to clean up , it would be in this picture behind and to the right and right next to the mock up ship the USS Pandemonium.

ABC warfare defense ashore: United States Navy 1060

Continue reading “Training manuals of the US Navy for Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare”

Safety levels of nuclear radiation have changed over the years making previous cleanups are now nuclear accidents

When the government says that a site was cleaned up in the past, remember that the safety standards of the time are nuclear accidents today. It depends on when it was cleaned up. For instance the Nuclear Fuel Rod plant in San Jose was cleaned up to mid 1950s standards when the Atomic Energy Commission was worried about people getting Radiation Poisoniing and not the long term effects of cancer. It is now The Plant shopping center and it has to be re-evaluated for contamination. All of these sites have to be re-examined to determine if people are in danger!

10 CFR § 20.1301 – Dose limits for individual members of the public.
§ 20.1301 Dose limits for individual members of the public.


Navy Medics to Study New War Defenses at Treasure Island and US Naval Biological Laboratory Oakland

Navy Medics to Study New War Defenses Oakland Tribune, Jan 5 1958 p 14

Atomic Biological and Chemcial Warfare course at Treasure Island.

U.S. Naval Hospital in Oakland
US Naval Biological Laboratory at the Naval Supply Center in Oakland
UC Radiations Laboratory at Donner Laboratory on the UC campus
General Electrics PG&E Atomic Reactor at Pleasanton
US Naval Radiological Laboratory at Hunters Point.

Letter to the Navy in response to August 10 2021 RAB meeting

Dear Ms. Linz:
Can you send this to the meeting members
The Naval Research Laboratory conducted tests using mustard gas at Treasure Island to test the use of Decontamination Solution 2 versus DANC to be used in chemical warfare training on all navy bases. Mustard Gas was plentiful because the Navy was conducting chemical warfare training at Treasure Island.


DANC is tetrachloroethane and RH195 powder which is a very concentrated form of Chlorine. The Navy at the time used the TCE for the tetrachloroethane when today we use it for Trichloroethylene which are both toxic in parts per million. They mixed 25 gallons at a time in metal garbage cans and dumped it directly onto the ground.

These photographs are from that article and their references are linked.

The training manual ABC Warfare Defense 1960 and 1963 were photographed on Treasure Island. You can see Alcatraz and the Golden Gate and the Marin Headlands in the background of the decontamination of the field gun photograph.

DS2 is
70 Percent Diethylenetriamine (DETA
28-percent methyl Cellosolve
2-percent sodium hydroxide by weight, also known as Lye or Caustic Soda.

DS2 was also dumped all over the ground and used on trucks, field guns, and the first USS Pandemonium which was located on Gateway Avenue right about where Kevin Elizabeth Kempf lives.

DS2 was so corrosive it required the repainting of the guns, trucks and vehicles used in the training , hence the need for auto hobby shops and bus painting facilities to repaint them for the next set of students. Later just painting over the vehicles was a way to contain the contamination but this presents a serious problem, what happened to those vehicles?

I have been going through the Navy reports starting with Operation Crossroads where on December 10, 1946 the Navy admitted to dumping radioactive sand from sand blasting and the radioactive acid from cleaning the pipes of the ships contaminated at the nuclear test at Bikini Atoll directly into San Francisco Bay and the order was given for all bays and harbors on the west coast and the Pacific making sure to not inform the barges that the content was radioactive so as to not cause a panic and in the process exposed the ecosystem to the contaminants directly.


Code 180 A

Bureau of Ships
Washington 25, D.C.

10 December 1946


Subject: Conference on Radiological Safety; Report of.
Time: 0910, 27 November 1946.
Place: Navy Department, Bureau of Ships Room T3-2703.

Present: R.Adm.SOLBERG (BuShips) Col. NICHOLS (ManhatDist)
Capt. MAXWELL (BuShips) Col. ROPER (ManhatDist)
Cdr. REE (BuShips) Col. FIELDS (ManhatDist)
Cdr. HOFFMAN (BuShips ) Col. COONEY (RadSafe)
WesCoRep.) Capt.LYON (BuMed)
Cdr. LANGER (BuShips) Dr. HAMILTON (Univ.Calif)
Cdr. HAWES (BuShips)

So you see you should be looking for more chemicals and radiation in the Bay and on Treasure Island. The Army did it right and published their decontamination of the Edgewood Arsenal that also conducted the same training. You can learn from them! They did this with the EPA.

DTSC says that Treasure Island is unique for people living on a radiation site. It is unique to the DTSC but the EPA has 40 years of experience cleaning up nuclear radiation with people living on the site and you know what they did, they evacuated them!

I have been documenting the USNRDL technical reports where they were charged with decontamination of radiation in live fire incidents where the Navy purposely contaminated areas in Hunters Point Shipyard, Treasure Island, San Bruno and Camp Stoneman (Pittsburg CA) and Camp Parks (Dublin CA). The reports span the foundation of the lab all the way up to the late 1960s when the shipyard was determining the effect of sea water at depth on the SNAP portable nuclear reactors which were used in spacecraft (Mercury, Gemini and Apollo as well as satellites) and since the Navy was testing them at depth I am guessing sonar buoys?

Quite frankly I cannot see how you can justify placing people onto these sites.

There is a list of chemicals that were listed on site T117 in the Baseline report from 1994 and here is the link. The city placed the Treasure Island Skatepark between the Hazardous waste facility for Treasure Island when it was a base and the Radium Vault located on the other side of the building that forms the south wall of the skatepark. (between 343 and 342) You could not have picked a worse location for kids and young adults.


Your contractors who are sampling the locations need to know that this history has taken place and adjust their sampling methods to search for this contamination and to warn them for their own personal safety of the types of contaminants present. One thing that needs to be said, and that is the people on the ground who are cleaning this up and the TIDA Members, the Navy, the staff and officials at City Hall, anyone who has stepped foot on these bases has been contaminated. It is not just the residents. So for your own health you need to investigate further before you subject 20000 more people to the contamination.

James Pepper


Rear Admiral Montoya’s false claim The Navy had No Nuclear Accidents in Testimony before Congress

Congressional Testimony Battlegroup-cruiser Destroyer Group Homeporting, San Francisco Bay 1987 testimony with Letter to Barbara Boxer admitted to Hearing.

I will show the testimony and then list the nuclear accidents below. I will fill in the references over time as the amount of material is quite extensive.

Rear Admiral Montoya’s testimony

Comment F-4.1 “Regarding your concerns relative to a nuclear weapon incident, all U.S. Navy nuclear weapons are designed with multiple safety features. They are subject to rigorous analyses and testing to ensure weapon integrity even in the event of an accident. Built-in safety features are enhanced by strict administrative, safety and security procedures and controls, as well as the use of trained personnel who are subject to stringent reliability screening.

“The design and operating procedures for nuclear weapon systems are reviewed and approved by the Department of Defense and the Department of Energy to ensure they comply with U.S. nuclear weapon system safety standards. Periodic audits are conducted by independent Department of Defense and U.S. Navy oversight organizations to verify compliance with safety standards. In view of the multiple safety measures taken for U.S. Navy nuclear weapons, it is not credible that a nuclear weapon will explode accidentally due to a nuclear chain reaction.

“In over 30 years of deploying U.S. Navy nuclear weapons, there has never been an accident involving a nuclear weapon which resulted in a nuclear explosion, nor has a nuclear weapon incident ever occurred which resulted in any nuclear hazard to the public, civilian property or the environment.” SOURCE: Letter to Barbara Boxer from Rear Admiral B. F. Montoya, U.S. Navy, 15 April 1987. IV.3


Broken Arrow incidents where the Navy lost nuclear weapons

A-4E Skyhawk attack aircraft Carrying Hydrogen bomb fell off of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga Air Craft Carrier into the Pacific Ocean off of Japan December 5, 1965 when the Captain of the ship decided to turn the ship sharply while they were raising the airplane on the elevator, so it fell off the ship and sank 500 miles off the Japanese Coast.

Lost nuclear submarines

U.S.S. Scorpion Nuclear Submarine Sank in 1968
U.S.S. Thresher April 10, 1963
U.S.S. Guardfish radioactive resin accident 1975
U.S.S. Puffer Submarine radioactive water spill at Puget Sound
U.S.S. Proteus (submarine tender) leak of radioactive water at 100 mrems per hour. 100 Mrems is the total safe dose for a civilian in a Year!

Navy Nuclear Reactor Melt downs and tests of nuclear materials

The Seabees nuked Antarctica, they built the nuclear reactor at McMurdo that melted down and exploded
The US NAVY’s Post Graduate School at Monterey the nuclear reactor melted down but did not explode.

Portable nuclear power reactors

The USNRDL exposed fuel rods to neutron and gamma radiation with seawater at depth. The Navy’s SNAP Reactor tests at Hunters Point Shipyard after the Santa Susana nuclear disasters to create a portable nuclear reactor that will withstand sea water at depth and to be used in Spacecraft and other purposes. The program is similar to the Army’s ML-1 Reactor which was also a portable nuclear reactor that could be placed on a truck or an airplane and put into operation immediately to power a whole base. The component Parts of these portable reactors were made all over the Bay Area with reactors that today reside in housing developments.

Nuclear Weapons Tests

The Nuclear Tests in the Pacific which irradiated vast areas causing complete collapse of natural areas and subjecting thousands of people to nuclear radiation at the local level and of course background radiation throughout the world.

The Navy cleaned ships used in Nuclear Tests and thus dumped Plutonium, and other Radioisotopes directly into the Bays of the Bases at San Francisco, San Diego, Port Humene, Pearl Harbor, Mare Island, the San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point, Bremerton and Puget Sound, Guam and the Marianas, thus getting into the food chain directly.

The USNRDL, US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory at Hunters Point Shipyard

USNRDL US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory conducted Radiological Experiments throughout the Bay Area including San Francisco, San Bruno, Treasure Island, Mare Island, Pittsburg, Dublin in the Bay Area and at Port Huemene, The Farallon Islands, The Channel Islands, the Pacific Proving Grounds, and they exploded a hydrogen bomb 500 miles off the coast of San Diego, it was an underwater explosion.

The USNRDL also conducted Radiation Shielding experiments on ships in the southern most point of the shipyard which included acquiring neutron radiation sources to bombard the ship components with radiation. At first the neutron device was in the actual USNRDL lab but its neutron radiation (it was rated at 10 billion Rads per second) conflicted with the other experiments even with the protection and so they dedicated a building for it near the largest drydock and controlled that device from another building to save people’s lives.

See my Chronology Page for details on these subjects.

Treasure Island was an EPA Site and the Navy covered up the contamination in 1988!

ABC Warfare Defense, Navy Training Course, Bureau of Naval Personnel, NAVPERS, 1960 10099 p 124.
Notice Alcatraz in the background and the headlands from my article and note this is located where buildings 1311 and 1313 were located.
TI-The Smoking Gun – Chemical Warfare test at Treasure Island Navy evaluates methods use to clean up Mustard Gas

Treasure Island was an EPA site for RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act) (RCRA) Laws and Regulations for Hazardous Waste and this report from 1991 states it was listed on 2/12/1988. I have the full text of the report below with a table indicating that Treasure Island was a separate and distinct EPA site from “Treasure Island, Hunters Point Annex” and the Shipyard was still yet another EPA site. Then you add in Yerba Buena Island, the coast guard station was also added to that list of distinct sites.

Enclosed in this text of the “Fact Sheet Federal Agency Hazardous Waste Compliance Docket” 1991 from the EPA. This EPA report includes a cover sheet, the EPA Fact Sheet, the Federal Register report and an EPA spreadsheet showing over 1600 government owned sites that were placed on this list. To see the full spreadsheet you will need to download the report. I will include Bay Area and other related sites in a table at the end of this document.

The listing required certain reports to be made within 18 months for the EPA once a site is placed on this list and this is a link to that report which does not mention the fact that this site was the Navy’s (ABC) Atomic, Biological and Chemical Training Center which was still in operation on the site when they made the report and continued up to the closing of the base! Here is the report:


This shows the original location of the USS Pandemonium beneath the current location of low-cost housing. And note buildings 1311 and 1313 are located to the bottom right in this circle showing they were downstream from the USS Pandemonium for the contaminants that were washed off its decks.

UIC: N60028
Prepared by:
Dames & Moore
San Francisco, California
Contract No. N62474-85-C-3385
PA/SI Team Members
Ann M. Becker, Team Leader, Engineer
Carol L. Creasey, Hydrogeologist
James G. Ritchie, Geologist
Dale D. Shileikis, Biologist
William H. Welsh, Engineer
Naval Energy and Environmental Support Activity
Project Manager
Ronald E. Tickle
Prepared For:
Naval Energy and Environmental Support Activity
Port Hueneme, California 94043
April 1988


The follow, up report the 1990 report DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT CANDIDATE BASE CLOSURES / REALIGNMENT SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA, Department of the Navy Western Division Naval Facilities Engineering on Table D-1.11-indicates that no samples were taken of Site 2 in the 1988 report (above) so they just took the word of the Navy that nothing bad happened there! The case was closed by the 1988 report!

The Navy lied and covered up their contamination of the island in 1988. All of the activity since then is all based on their cover up. Port Huemene (which also has ABC warfare contaminated sites which I list below) which compiled this report is directly implicated in radiological tests on locations throughout the Bay Area and at Test Sites with the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory and so the Navy chose the Foxes to guard the Hen House!

The US Navy’s training publication, “Naval Training Bulletin” regularly published articles and schedules of Atomic Biological and Chemical Training at Treasure Island and I have compiled a Chronological listing of the contamination starting in 1946 and it is at my Chronology Page which can be accessed at the top of this blog or here.

I wonder if these circle marks in the lawns of Treasure Island are caused by the chemical weapons training at Treasure Island in the above Photograph from the Navy Training Bulletin?
ABC Warfare Defense, Navy Training Course, Bureau of Naval Personnel, NAVPERS, 1960 10099 p 124.
5 gallons of TCE to one gallon of concentrated Chlorine
TI-The Smoking Gun – Chemical Warfare test at Treasure Island Navy evaluates methods use to clean up Mustard Gas

Note the Biological warfare test in 1950 which they filmed to turn the test into a training film where they purposely contaminated the 116 square Miles of the city of San Francisco, the Bay and on into Oakland. In the film you see the minesweeper based at Treasure Island spraying the bacteria outside of the Golden Gate to be carried by the winds, where it hospitalized 12 people and killed one. The Bacterium was thought to be harmless when exposed to 18 year old recruits but it turned out to be a disease that causes cancer. The Navy has been continuously damaging the immune systems of the people of San Francisco since 1946.

The ABC Warfare Defense Training Manual from 1960 and 1963 was photographed at Treasure Island, and the pictures are here in this article. The 1963 version is online at https://hdl.handle.net/2027/osu.32435011833688

In 1964, the USNRDL, the US Navy Radiological Defense Laboratory based at Hunters point Shipyard conducted a chemical warfare test at Treasure Island to see how effective a new cleaning agent DS2, Decontamination Solution 2 was in cleaning up Mustard Gas as compared to DANC. Treasure Island had mustard gas on hand to test. This photograph shows a mechanized gun being cleaned of Mustard Gas with the first USS Pandemonium training mock up ship in the background. Today houses are located on that site! TI-The Smoking Gun – Chemical Warfare test at Treasure Island Navy evaluates methods use to clean up Mustard Gas

5 inch Gun at Treasure Island California used for chemical training. Note the USS pandemonium in the background looking east by southeast. p 15, The gun mount is shown in Fig. 8.” Page 15, Field Decontamination Studies with Chemical Warfare Decontaminating Solution D52 https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/612665.pdf

And here is a direct link to that report: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/612665.pdf
DS2 solution was banned by the Navy in 1986 because it is almost as bad as the chemical warfare agents, it kills life on contact. This means that all Navy Bases and all ships used this substance since the training on Treasure Island was to train people to conduct this training on their bases and ships.

Note that Lewisite is a chemical weapon made of arsenic and acetylene which is an oil substance and the arsenic bubble detailed in the February 8 2021 San Francisco Board of Supervisors Meeting is located just downstream from the Original USS Pandemonium that was located where public housing is today. Lewisite is used with Mustard Gas as a combined chemical weapon and we know Mustard Gas was used at this location, where buildings 1311 and 1313 were located. There are two culverts that were used to collect the run off next to the sea barrier.

ABC Warfare Defense Training Manual from 1960 and 1963,
USS Pandemonium Treasure Island
ABC Warfare Defense Training Manual from 1960 and 1963
USS Pandemonium Treasure Island

Oh and if someone at the Board of Supervisors can explain who authorized the permit to harass and kill Marine Mammals: Gray Whales, Humpback Whales, Sea Lions, Harbor Seals, Harbor Porpoise, Northern Elephant Seals, and Northern Fur Seals, including Gray Whales to put in the Ferry Pier at Treasure Island, that would be helpful! The city of San Francisco featured in the movie “Star Trek Voyage Home,” has become the Whalers! TI- City of San Francisco application to Harass and Kill take Marine Mammals to build Ferry Pier on Treasure Island

The Navy covered up the Atomic Biological and Chemical Training at TI. Their willful actions have killed people. The City must evacuate all people from the island and seek JUSTICE!

The Document:

Date: 01/10/92

Listing by Region

Continue reading “Treasure Island was an EPA Site and the Navy covered up the contamination in 1988!”


These are the people I am fighting for to publish the Navy reports on this site and on my Disaster Area website documenting the Navy’s contamination of Hunters Point shipyard by the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory and at Treasure Island, the Navy’s Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare Training Center.

And if you want a sample of the Navy’s own sources, of what they dumped and polluted at Hunters Point Shipyard, here is their Health and Safety report published by the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory at Hunters Point Shipyard from 1960 documenting the exposures by building number and listing the radiological accidents just for 1960, accidents denied by the Navy today.
U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory., Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. (1961). Radiological safety at USNRDL: annual progress report health physics division ; 1 January to 31 December 1960. San Francisco, California: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. Note: This text is searchable on that website

2655 Radiation Film Badges used at Treasure Island in 1960

In 1960 the US Naval Radiological Defense Lab developed 2655 Radiation Measuring Film Badges for Treasure Island and 12,688 for the US Naval Radiological Defense Lab. These badges are dosimeters that measure how much radiation a person was exposed to during a period of time. They did this for other locations listed below:

Dosimeter films developed at the USNRDL 1960
NRDLFilm ProcessedTotals
Laboratory personnel7684
Laboratory visitors1619
Environmental monitoring471
Calibration film900
Special films for Nucleonics Div.109
Special films for BioMMed Div.5
Special films for Health Physics Div.3
RadCon Team film (controls)11
Special test exposures163
Camp Parks Personnel and visitors1361
Camp Parks Environmental monitoring362
Outside Activities
San Francisco Naval Shipyard889
Treasure Island Inspector of Navy Material523
Treasure Island Radiac Maintenance School and Dispensary 2122
Port Chicago958
NAS Moffett Field97
USN Dispensary, 50 Fell St. , San Francisco56
DPWO, 12ND30
NSC, Oakland (Naval Supply Center)200
NAS Fallon. Nevada67
USNH, Oakland21
MSTS, San Francisco 24
NAD, Hawthorne, Nevada17
U. S. Coast Guard5
U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory., Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. (1961). Radiological safety at USNRDL: annual progress report health physics division ; 1 January to 31 December 1960. San Francisco, California: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. p 20

TI and USNRDL 1966 Congressional Hearing to consolidate housing onto Treasure Island and build animal facility at Shipyard

The following testimony is to consolidate all the locations where Navy Personnel live onto Treasure Island and the people who set this in motion creating the mess we are in today! The Admirals also asked the Congress for appropriations to build a new animal facility at the USNRDL, the US NAVY Radiological Defense Lab at the San Francisco Shipyard (Hunters Point Shipyard).

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. (1965). Military construction appropriations for 1966: Hearings, Eighty-ninth Congress, first session. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.. 45-46, 115-122, 167-172, 304-306

Wednesday, April 14, 1965
Military Construction, Department of the Navy

REAR ADM. PETER CORRADI, U.S. NAVY, CHIEF, BUREAU OF YARDS AND DOCKS Continue reading “TI and USNRDL 1966 Congressional Hearing to consolidate housing onto Treasure Island and build animal facility at Shipyard”

TI- COVER-UP Port Humene which conducted the HRA reports for the EPA on Treasure Island and Hunters Point Shipyard was complicit in the Contamination!

HRA, Historical Radiological Assessments are the documents the EPA is using to claim that Treasure Island, Hunters Point Shipyard and Mare Island are safe when in fact Port Humene which wrote them, is not only complicit in conducting radiological experiments with the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Lab at Hunters Point, they conducted chemical, biological and radiological experiments on their own base at Oxnard California!

The Foxes are guarding the hen house!

Port Humene features in the USNRDL reports as a co-conspirator in most of the radiation testing at nuclear tests along with tests conducted in the Bay Area, including the purposeful contamination of military bases including in Pittsburg and Dublin California. See link here. https://disasterarea.home.blog/2020/11/09/pittsburg-california-radiation-experiments-covering-half-of-the-city

They were active partners in the contamination, along with the University of California Berkeley and Stanford Research Institute, who also feature prominently in the USNRDL reports, some of which were published by them. So there is plenty of blame to go around but for the EPA to claim that these reports are accurate is total and complete BS. They have every reason to lie, their liability is off the charts!

This article will show that Port Humene was directly involved in Atomic, Biological and Chemical Training on their base which is in Oxnard California. And it should be inspected by people who do not have a stake in covering up the purposeful contamination of the base! Continue reading “TI- COVER-UP Port Humene which conducted the HRA reports for the EPA on Treasure Island and Hunters Point Shipyard was complicit in the Contamination!”