Lists of chemicals including Formaldhyde using in Biological Warfare Defense Training Manual 1953 below
The Navy forgot to mention to the CDC and the NIH its use of Formaldhyde in Biological Warfare Training at Treasure Island and allowed these people to be harmed. The NIH investigated why these people were showing signs of Fomaldehyde Poisoning, but instead of evacuating everyone the Navy decided to COVER IT UP!
Training in Formaldehyde
The training manual Biological Warfare Defense 1953 used on Treasure Island details the use of these toxic chemicals in the cleaning up of biological contamination at the Chemical Warfare School on Treasure Island.
As you can see the trainers would purposely infect vehicles for Atomic, Biological and Radiological Defense and this was the method used for Biological Training decontamination. For Chemical and Radiological decontamination they were dressed in chemical suits and washed the contaminents directly off of the vehicles and equipment and that is why this tiny Navy Base had several bus painting facilities to decontaminate and repaint the equipment for reuse in training.
PDF report: Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-176-1236, U. S. Customs Service, Patrol Division Office, Treasure Island, San Francisco, California Worker exposures to formaldehyde (50000) were investigated on April 21, 1982 at the United States Customs Service Patrol Division Office (SIC-9999) at Treasure Island, San Francisco, California. The evaluation was requested by the National Treasury Employees Union, Chapter 165, on behalf of eight workers who complained of eye, nose and throat irritation. Area air samples were analyzed, and employees were questioned about medical symptoms. Air samples contained 0.15 to 0.23 parts per million of formaldehyde. NIOSH recommends that formaldehyde exposures be kept to the lowest feasible limit. The workers reported eye and respiratory irritation, cough, chest tightness, headache, nausea, and fatigue. The authors conclude that formaldehyde exposure hazard exists at this work site. They recommend improvement of the ventilation system.
Atomic Biological and Chemcial Warfare course at Treasure Island.
U.S. Naval Hospital in Oakland US Naval Biological Laboratory at the Naval Supply Center in Oakland UC Radiations Laboratory at Donner Laboratory on the UC campus General Electrics PG&E Atomic Reactor at Pleasanton US Naval Radiological Laboratory at Hunters Point.
Film of the Navy purposely contaminating 43 square miles of San Francisco with Serratia marcescens in 1950 and in color, at 2:25 “Naval Concepts of Chemical and Biological Warfare” Naval Concepts of Chemical and Biological Warfare (1952), Department of Defense Film Production, National Archives and Records Administration Catalogue # 428.MN.9170A, Declassified NND Authority # 64044
They started this type of live training in 1949, This film is of a test from 1950. The hearings were not until 1977. How long did this continue? The Army was funding this test but it was the Navy that carried it out. Part of the Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare Defense courses at Treasure Island. This constant testing caused an incident in 1950 whereby 11 people in San Francisco were infected by a bacterium that produced a pneumonia that cost a man his life. Senator Edward Kennedy was very upset about this in a 1977 hearing and chewed out the Army official who told the committee about the problem.
NIH report on Serratia infections which shows that it’s a serious problem today, it was not “safe” like they thought it was in 1950 and is the cause of hospital infections to this day.
Navy Reports that indicate the Biological Warfare training was concurrent with the Radiological Warfare Decontamination Training at Treasure Island. This constant testing caused an incident whereby 11 people were infected by a bacterium that produced a pneumonia that cost a man his life. Senator Edward Kennedy was very upset about this in a 1977 hearing and chewed out the Army official who told the committee about the problem. Link to the San Francisco test in the hearing United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Human Resources. Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research. Biological Testing Involving Human Subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977: Hearings Before the Subcommittee On Health And Scientific Research of the Committee On Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, First Session … March 8 And May 23, 1977. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1977. Continue reading “1953- Biological Warfare Training Manual at Treasure Island, San Francisco CA”→
Title: ABC Warfare Defense, Course #5 Date: 4-29 January 1960. Report prior to 2200, 3 January 1960, Personnel Office, U. S. Naval Schools Command, Bldg. 28 Place: U.S. Naval Schools Command, Naval Station, Treasure Island, San Francisco, Calif. SecurityClearance: SECRET Class Quotas: 50 (10 Army and Air Force; 40 Navy—30 Medical Corps, 5 Dental Corps, 5 Medical Service Corps) Objectives “The course is designed for experienced active duty Naval Medical Department officers. Medical aspects of modern warfare and military peacetime operations, including problems incident to atomic, biologic, and chemical weapons systems, nuclear propulsion, mass casualties, and isotope programs will be stressed. Military aspects of weapons systems and military countermeasures will be considered also so that Medical officers may function effectively on a staff and can reasonably assess medical compromises imposed by the military situation. Outstanding speakers, both military and civilian, will be featured on the program. Visits will be made to the Navy Radiological Defense Laboratory and the Naval Biological Laboratory, and practical exercises and drills will be conducted. All students Will be supplied texts on a permanent retention basis. Continue reading “TI-ABC Warfare Defense, Course #5 4-29 January 1960”→
Medical Problems of Modern Warfare and Civil Disaster
For many generations, the medical profession and the allied medical sciences have been involved in the seemingly endless task of dealing with man’s adaptation to the environment in which he lives. In the past, the environment has consisted in the main of natural forces, such as climate, food, water, shelter, protective clothing, reproduction of the species, and a liberal admixture of worship and fear. Now, with the advent of industrialization of so many parts of the world, new forces in the production of traumatic injury to man, including the onslaughts of biological effects, have been encountered. Radiation energy, a force having phenomenal biological and physiological implications, was destined to have a profound effect, not only on the lives of men, but on all mankind and his environment as well. Continue reading “TI-Medical Problems of Modern Warfare and Civil Disaster 3 April 1959”→
ABC Warfare Defense – Four Weeks Course for Medical Officers
Course #3 – convening 5 January 1959
Location: U.S. Naval Schools Command, Naval Station, Treasure Island, San Francisco, Calif. Student Clearance Required: SECRET Reporting Time and Place: Prior to 2200, 4 January 1959, Personnel Office, U.S. Naval Schools Command, Bldg. 28
Course Objectives: This course is designed for experienced active duty Naval Medical officers possessing SECRET security clearance. It will stress the medical aspects of modern warfare and of military peace time operations, including problems incident to atomic, biological and chemical weapons systems, nuclear propulsion, mass casualties and isotopes programs. Military aspects of the weapons systems and military countermeasures will also be considered so that medical officers may function effectively on a staff and can reasonably assess the medical compromises imposed by the military situation. Outstanding speakers, both military and civilian, will be on the program. The course will include visits to the Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory and the Naval Biological Laboratory, and will include several practical exercises and drills. Texts will be provided for permanent retention by the students. Continue reading “TI-ABC Warfare Defense – Four Weeks Course for Medical Officers January 1959”→