1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc. using Uranium and/or Plutonium in these exerices.
1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc.
Similar facilities are in this articleon Treasure Island.
Atomic Biological and Chemcial Warfare course at Treasure Island.
U.S. Naval Hospital in Oakland US Naval Biological Laboratory at the Naval Supply Center in Oakland UC Radiations Laboratory at Donner Laboratory on the UC campus General Electrics PG&E Atomic Reactor at Pleasanton US Naval Radiological Laboratory at Hunters Point.
The First USS Pandemonium, a mock up of a training ship was used for Biological, Chemical and Radiological Training at Treasure Island. This article presents the maps of the island, past 1959 and present Google maps with an aerial photograph of the ship from 1969. How the overlay was made.
In 1957, the Navy built the first USS Pandemonium to be used as a training vessel built on land for (ABC) Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare Training.
Notice the slanted line in the ship photograph matches up with the slanted line in the 1959 map as well as teh curve in the road adn the dirt road street to the right, including the rectangular structure to the far right all matches up with the map below.
And then the overlay of the present Google map on the 1959 USGS map shows the Avenue B as the road that the dirt road corresponds with on the 1959 map
Resulting in the map at the top of this blog
Also notice the two tanks in the triangle shape which has a land component in its middle and the tank near the road which was the immediate collection tank from washing chemcial, biological and radiological material off the ship.
The training took place every 2 weeks because the radioactive bromide’s half life makes it “safe” in 1950s standards for safety to be dumped into the bay. Of course if you tried this today it would be illegal.
That tank would have the material sit in it for two weeks before being dumped into one of the other two tanks to sit out for 4 weeks before being dumped into the bay. If you look close you can see the little channels leading to each tank in the large triangle. Three tanks were needed to keep the operation going every 2 weeks.
The Triangle is in the Meadow which is where they found the high concentrations of Arsenic. Lewisite is a chemical weapon made of arsenic and acetylene and fits the description of the toxins.
ABC School means Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare Training School. This text is on page 1 of the of Office of Naval Research Mustard Gas test at Treasure Island:
As a result of the favorable properties reported for the U.S. Army Chemical Corps chemical warfare decontaminant DS2, tests of this material under shipboard conditions appeared desirable. Accordingly, the Bureau of Ships requested the ABC Defense School, Treasure Island, to submit plans for conduct of the tests by its own staff. It was expected that this group would be capable of performing the evaluation both efficiently and from a shipboard point of view.
Test plans were developed by the Treasure Island group and forwarded to the Bureau of Ships. The plans were studied by the Bureau and this Laboratory and approved with minor changes. A target of January 1959, was set for the test period, at which time a supply of DS2 could be supplied through the cooperation of the U.S. Army Chemical Corps.
The chemical warfare agent chosen for the DS2 evaluation tests was mustard gas (HD). Laboratory tests by the Chemical Corps had shown that mustard is the most difficult of the common persistent CW agents to decontaminate with DS2 (1). In addition, mustard was readily available at the ABC school, is safe to handle with reasonable precautions, and is capable of punishing the careless or unprotected worker by burns of varying severity.” Link to the Chemical Warfare Test using Mustard Gas at Treasure Island in 1964.
Below is the full 1959 map:
Figure 8.3-21 Former USS Pandemonium Location on Northwest Corner, Treasure Island Naval Station Historical Radiological Assessment February 2006 page 8-24
In Reference to the Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) at Treasure Island, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Inspector wrote the following and the actual document is below: “I explained that it did not appear that he had any experience with radioactive materials” Immediately after this inspection the base sent its Cesium 137 to Oakland for disposal, giving up the ship! They would return a year later with all the forms done and with a new staff.
Treasure Island Navy Base violated NRC Regulations over many years, not checking the devices for leaks and they ignored the NRC until it got to the point where the NAVY had to surrender its Cesium 137 for its training devices in Building 343 in 1985 (above).
The next year the Navy came back with a full staff with all the qualifications necessary to do the job, but up to that point it was all in the hands of people who were not qualified and today we see the result, radioactive materials buried all over the island.
Note the US Treasury also had a facility on Treasure Island that had licenses for radioactive foils, foils just like the ones found under the housing at Treasure Island and it too had NRC Violations, and i will write that in a separate article.
RADIOLOGICAL AFFAIRS SUPPORT OFFIC E REPORT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE VISIT TO NAVAL SCHOOLS COMMAND, TREASURE ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, -CALIFORNIA 15 APRIL 1974
Whereas the Navy denies that there were no radiological materials used on Treasure Island despite finding 90 REMS per year, this report in its entirety indicates the use of several radioactive isotopes in the training including Plutonium and Cesium137. Someone in the Navy is lying and the result is homeless people living inside the Radioactive Isotope Vault and other radioactive areas. The signs warning of the radiation depended on electricity and so they are not present today, neither are the regular radiation signs that should be present. this negligence is a violation of the law. the Navy has to answer to that law!
The Navy has denied that any radiological activity took place on Treasure Island even when they have found 60 Rems per year of Radium from the top 10 inches of soil under the public housing on the site and just recently in May 2021 they found another 30 REMS per year of nuclear radiation under the public housing on the site. They originally made these claims while the Radiological School was still in operation on the Island, so there is no excuse, THEY LIED and the politicians have used this lie to perpetrate a fraud on the people of San Francisco, leaving them holding the bag for the cleanup.!
BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND
This report resides in multiple PDF files on the Envirostor Database and so there will be many links and it is the denial that was used to whitewash the 1995 report to deny any radiological activity but in the fine print it says the direct opposite, citing dumping of radioactive waste on the site where two examples are listed below and other references to the radiation can be found using a simple search of the documents.
The Paper Trail – the following is a list of people and their correspondence who made the false statement in the report that here was no radioactive materials buried on the island.
“Radioactive Materials/Mixed Wastes. File information was reviewed to identify parcels where radioactive materials/mixed wastes were stored and the period of time they were stored. EFA WEST also provided information to ERM-West regarding radiological activities for all of the parcels on Treasure and Yerba Buena Islands. This information was obtained through the Naval Sea Systems Command Detachment, Radiological Affairs Support Office (RASO). A description of the material was included in the database.”
This is the letter that DTSC uses to claim no radiation at the site. This paragraph is in reference to a chart of each building and areas defined in the map (above) found at the beginning of the document that broke up Treasure Island into 120 separate areas and another 26 on YBI and this chart has no indication of radiation, no checkmarks in the radiation tab for each site. Why would they have it as an item if there are no checkmarks on it anywhere unless the report was censored?
There are other references to the USS Pandemonium and radiological training on Treasure Island in this overall baseline report. Again I want to emphasize that the reports conclusions do not match up with the content in the document.
“Radioactive Materials/Mixed Wastes. A check mark indicates that radioactive materials or mixed wastes are currently or were formerly used, stored, or disposed of on the parcel. This condition may preclude a parcel from being considered for CERFA-eligibility. Radiological issues were of particular concern to regulatory agencies for BRAC classification. Therefore, in addition to the review of on-site records, EFA WEST requested that RASO search for information on known and potential uses of radioactive materials at the base. RASO concurrence is required prior to nomination for CERFA, for lease, or for transfer. In a March 8, 1995, letter from Lt. Commander Heron of EFA WEST, to Mr. David Wang of DTSC, RASO concluded that there is no potential for residual contamination at NAVSTA TI (NSTI) as a result of licensed activities and no radioactive materials were disposed of on site. This conclusion from RASO applies to all parcels at NSTI and is documented in the results and bibliographic reference databases (Appendices A and B, respectively).”
The Radium Vault is a place the Navy stored radioactive Materials underground in a bunker that is a Hot Cell, a place of storage and mixing radioactive materials. It is located on the other side of the building from the Treasure Island Skatepark and TIDA knew this when they allowed the Skateboarders to build there. This may be the most radioactively impacted site on the base as it was used to store Radium, Plutonium, Cesium 137, Cobalt 60, Strontium and other radioactive materials.
Radioactive materials used during facility operation have included Potassium-42, Sodium-24, Radium-226, Cesium-137, Bromine-80 and 82, and, Plutonium-239 compounds (Table 5-1). Use of Radium-226 was discontinued by the Navy in 1984. Radioactive materials currently are stored in Building 344 adjacent to Building 343. p 5-8 Source:
Note Plutonium is an Alpha emitter and the only way to reliably confirm this is by using swabs to get it and then test it in a lab. Alpha contamination is also found in the Radium and this is particularly dangerous as alpha particles can get inside of you and slowly give you cancer over time. Bone cancers, lung cancer and blood cancers, are the most common types but it is particularly bad in young people still growing as it affects them much worse than adults. This is why when TIDA put the skatepark there knowing the location was next to the radium vault, that is murder. You can see the TIDA board with all smiles giving the Skateboarders permission to build their skatepark on the contaminated site. in the video at the end of this article.
Google Map if you zoom out of the map you can see the proximity to the Treasure Island Skatepark.
As you can see in this photograph that shows the hydraulic training school building and the damage control building, the entrance to the underground bunker is between the two buildings and the Navy is trying to remove it but it is well made and I will have an article on the construction of these buildings as the Navy published the regulations on how to build underground radiation and chemical bunkers.
And this photograph below is from the 1994 Baseline survey report showing the bunker properly identified between the two buildings.
The following includes a list of chemicals that were located on the Hazardous Waste Facility on Treasure Island which makes up the East side of the property next to the Treasure Island Skatepark and it indicates the Radium Vault (344 on the map) which is next to the Hydraulic Training School (342) and on M Avenue near 5th Street. The Radium Vault information is here:
Treasure Island Development Authority allowed the placement of the Treasure Island Skatepark on the abandoned Tennis courts without telling the Skatepark founders that the Island was the site of the US NAVY’s Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare School and that the site is contaminated with nuclear and chemical waste.
The unsuspecting builders of the Treasure Island Skatepark used the lot directly to the East of the site of the Skatepark for raw materials, using earth to build up ramps and they drove the Concrete Truck across that field in order to build the ramps on the Skatepark, Here is a video of them doing that and watch as the Treasure Island Development Authority let them do it and fail to tell them the risks:https://youtu.be/xzkqlayu0MA
I will be updating this list with more information including the concentration amounts of the chemicals that were sent to the GSA on Naval Air Station Alameda to be sold to the highest bidder. That’s right, the Navy sold off its toxic waste to the highest bidder, some of the most dangerous materials on the face of the earth including the residue of chemical weapons training.
BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND, CONTRACT N62474-92-D-3607 DELIVERY ORDER (0005) Prepared For: Engineering Field Activity West Naval Facilities Engineering Command San Bruno, California, May 19, 1995 pp 5-476-479
zirconium chloride (100 lbs./yr) recyclable wastes (100 tons /yr) hazardous waste (130 tons/yr) 4,4-methylenedis(2-chloroanimine) with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) adhesives, paints, solvents, toluene, 1,4-diisocyanate with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr); PCBs, including transformer articles, capacitors, ballasts, and debris (1,000 to 100,000 lbs./yr) potassium superoxide, sodium chlorate, barium dioxide, potassium hydroxide, and metal casings (500,000 to 1,000,000 lbs./yr) magnesium and inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr); dimethyl sulfate with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) mercury vapor residue with metal and glass debris (10,000 to 100,000 lbs./yr); trimethyl ammonium resin (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) hydrochloric acid with water (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) plastic bags with OBA residue, which includes potassium hydroxide, potassium superoxide, barium dioxide, sodium chlorate, and debris; lithium batteries, which contain lithium metal, trace solvents, plastic/nickel casing and acetonitrile (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) mercury with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) nickel/cadmium batteries, which contain cadmium hydroxide, nickel hydroxide, cobalt hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, water, and packaging (1,000 to 10,000 lbs/yr) hydrofluoric acid and water (1,000 to 10,000 lbs./yr) emergency escape breathing apparatia, which contain sodium chlorate, potassium perchlorate, barium peroxide, lithium hyderoxide, and casing material (1,000 to 10,000 lbs./yr) sodium cyanide, organic acid, water, and metals (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) sodium aside with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr); magnesium batteries, which contain zinc metal, magnesium dioxide, mercuric chloride, zinc compound, ammonium chariot, water, and inert materials (1,000 to 10,000 lbs./yr) selenium compounds (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) beryllium, brake shoes/parts, rags, and clothing (500 to 10,000 lbs. /yr) sodium cyanide with inert components (1,500 lbs./yr) sodium arsenite with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) calcium hypochlorite with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) sodium hypochlorite with inert components (500 to 10,000 Ibs/yr) methyl isocyanate with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) mercuric chloride with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) hydrazine with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) hypochlorite salts with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr) lithium hydroxide with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr);
sodium peroxide with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs/yr) vinyl chloride with inert component (500 to 10,000 lbs/yr) potassium metal with inert component (500 to 10,000 Ibs/yr) lithium metal with inert component (500 to 10,000 lbs/yr) hydroiodic acid with inert component (100 to 10,000 lbs/yr) hydrocyanic acid, phosphoric acid, and inert component (100 to 10,000 lbs/yr) sodium bifluoride with inert component (500 to 10,000 lbs/yr) mercury salts with inert component (100 to 10,000 lbs/yr) cyanide salts with inert component (100 to 10,000 Ibs/yr); hydrobramic acid with inert component (100 to 10,000 Ibs/yr) sodium metal (10 to 100 Ibs/yr) sulfuric acid and casing (1,000 to 10,000 Ibs/yr) lead acid batteries, which contain lead and arsenic (1,000 to 10,000 Ibs/quarter) chlorine gas (150 Ibs /yr) selenious acid, curie nitrate, nickel sulfate, and inert components (100 to 1,000 Ibs/yr) calcium metal (10 to 100 Ibs/yr) white phosphorus with water (20 Ibs/yr) yellow phosphorus (20 Ibs/yr).
During the site inspection, the following types and quantities of hazardous waste were identified in the southern portion of Parcel T1l7: four safes and filing cabinets with asbestos-containing material one 55gallon drum of mercury and silver amalgam one 5 gallon drum of lubricants one 55-gallon drum of film one 5-gallon drum of toner two 55-gallon drums of lead one 55-gallon drum of empty propane cylinders one 55-gallon drum and one 5-gallon drum of petroleum naphtha one 55-gallon drum of trichloroethylene/ benzene. Although these wastes were properly segregated, there was no secondary containment system.
The Skatepark was put together using found items including dirt from the neighboring areas. This video section starts with the Concrete Truck driving across the field used to store Hazardous waste to get to the site of the tennis court they used for the skatepark
These are the people I am fighting for to publish the Navy reports on this site and on my Disaster Area website documenting the Navy’s contamination of Hunters Point shipyard by the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory and at Treasure Island, the Navy’s Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare Training Center.