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Training manuals of the US Navy for Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare

I will be adding content to this as there are many training manuals and I will provide links to those online. I have to go through all ofthem. Here are some relating directly to Treasure Island, indicated in the documents.

ABC WARFARE DEFENSE 1960 and 1963 photogaphed at Treasure Island

Photographed on Treasure Island. Notice the Marine Headlands in the background and Alcatraz Island. This is near the Arsenic bubble that the Navy had to clean up , it would be in this picture behind and to the right and right next to the mock up ship the USS Pandemonium.

ABC warfare defense ashore: United States Navy 1060

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1978 EIS Appendix C-5 Alpha Field Survey

1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc.
using Uranium and/or Plutonium in these exerices.

Pu is Plutonium
U is Uranium
Cs is Cesium

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1978 EIS Appendix C-4 Radiological Decontamination Training Facility (Bromine Field)

1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc.

Similar facilities are in this articleon Treasure Island.

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Safety levels of nuclear radiation have changed over the years making previous cleanups are now nuclear accidents

When the government says that a site was cleaned up in the past, remember that the safety standards of the time are nuclear accidents today. It depends on when it was cleaned up. For instance the Nuclear Fuel Rod plant in San Jose was cleaned up to mid 1950s standards when the Atomic Energy Commission was worried about people getting Radiation Poisoniing and not the long term effects of cancer. It is now The Plant shopping center and it has to be re-evaluated for contamination. All of these sites have to be re-examined to determine if people are in danger!

10 CFR § 20.1301 – Dose limits for individual members of the public.
§ 20.1301 Dose limits for individual members of the public.

Source:

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Stauffer Chemical Richmond on list of 153 Sites for the Nuclear Weapons Industry

USA Today had an article on the sites contaminated for the production of the Atomic Bomb. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission came up with this list of 153 sites all over the US in response to the FOIA request.
Memo to Commissioners TAs from J. Craig, EDO re: Staff Evaluation of Sites Indentified in the USA Today Article Dated 09/06/00.

Note that cleanup of nuclear materials before 1959 was concerned with preventing radiation sickness but when people started to develop cancer, the standards changed drastically. So sites cleaned up even a few years ago, including Treasure Island where the standards of the time exceed the safe levels today. This is a preliminary list, there are more.

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Stauffer Chemical in Richmond using Radiological materials as late as 1997

this is alicense amednment which lists the qualifications of a resume for Dr. Edward A. Weck, Head, Molecular Genetics Research which lists his Radiological work at Stauffer Chemical.

Additional industrial experience was gained at Stauffer Chemical Co., Richmond, CA from February 1985 through March 1987 where I served as Assistant Radiation Safety Officer. We had annual presentations on the safe use of radioactivity from our local health physicist and from a New England Nuclear consultant. I worked with 32P and 35S and was responsible with organizing removal of radioactive waste by US Ecology of Hayward, CA.

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Stauffer Chemical in Richmond CA processed uranium NRC records 1962

Stauffer Chemical (now Astra Zeneca) had a uranium processing mill in Richmond CA. This is the Atomic Energy Commission license to process and cut uranium for use in Nuclear Weapons. I am placing this article on my Treasure Island page as Stauffer Chemical Company was a supplier for the US Chemical Warfare Service in World War II and after and Treasure Island conducted training using Mustard Gas, a poison gas which was outlawed in the Treaty of Versailles.

Stauffer Chemical Company was immediately to the East of what is now the UC Berkeley Richmond Field Station, which also includes the US EPA Field Laboratory for Region 9 which encompasses California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, the Pacific Islands and Native American toxic waste sites. It is also less than a mile from the California Department of Public Health and all of these locations are within contamination range of the site. Nuclear radatiion can affect lab equipment.

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Navy Medics to Study New War Defenses at Treasure Island and US Naval Biological Laboratory Oakland

Navy Medics to Study New War Defenses Oakland Tribune, Jan 5 1958 p 14

Atomic Biological and Chemcial Warfare course at Treasure Island.

U.S. Naval Hospital in Oakland
US Naval Biological Laboratory at the Naval Supply Center in Oakland
UC Radiations Laboratory at Donner Laboratory on the UC campus
General Electrics PG&E Atomic Reactor at Pleasanton
US Naval Radiological Laboratory at Hunters Point.

REGULATION OF NATURALLY OCCURRING AND ACCELERATOR-PRODUCED RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS

NARA
Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
A-Task Force Review NUREG-0301 July 1977

Several lists including the use of radio isotopes and their concentrations in 1977

List of when states took over the regulation of nuclear materials

Cvilian Uses of Radium (Including Radon and RaDEF)

Military Uses of Radium

Selected Accerator-Produced Radionuclides (including some examples of uses)

Primordial Radionuclides

Major Cosmic Ray-Induced Radionuclides