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Chemical Warfare Weapons of the US from US Naval Training Bulletin March 1944

The US had chemical weapons ready to be used in retaliation to any German or Japanese chemical or biological warfare attack. We had various types of weapons shown in thsi chart from March 1944 Naval Training Bulletin.

Source” Naval Training Bulletin 15 March 1944

Naval Training Bulletin 15 March 1944
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Mustard VX and Sarin Gases used in Training for Chemical Warfare Schools 1978 Environmental Impact Statement

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Establishment of the US Army NBC Defense School
16 August 1978 (Revised 21 Nov 1978)

GB is Sarin Gas
VX is a Nerve agent
Mustard Gas burns the skin, lungs, eyes etc
U is Uranium
Pu is Plutonium
Cs is Cesium 137

Background on Joint training and the manuals

The Training at Treasure Island referred to in this Environmental Impact Statement for the creation of a new Chemical Biological and Radiological School which also includes the Environmental impact of a school. The entire book is an instruction manual on the use of Mustard, Sarin and VX Nerve Gas well as biological aand radiological training with step by step instructions.

This has been consistent in all training manuals, they encompass all sites with the training usually at Edgewood Arsenal, Treasure Island and Fort McClelland as shown below from the 1952 Chemical Warfare Defense manual cites those three sites for same training manuals, I will cite more below. Fort McClelland temporarily took over from Treasure Island from 1967 to the early 1970s when they moved the training devices and mock ups from the west side of the island under the present day housing to the north east side of the island.

This article will focus on the 1978 Report


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COVER UP – 1982 CDC Formaldehyde poisoning report at Customs Office on Treasure Island – nobody told them about the Biological Warfare Training

Lists of chemicals including Formaldhyde using in Biological Warfare Defense Training Manual 1953 below

The Navy forgot to mention to the CDC and the NIH its use of Formaldhyde in Biological Warfare Training at Treasure Island and allowed these people to be harmed. The NIH investigated why these people were showing signs of Fomaldehyde Poisoning, but instead of evacuating everyone the Navy decided to COVER IT UP!

Training in Formaldehyde

Biological Warfare Defense 1953
Biologicla Warfare Defense 1953


The training manual Biological Warfare Defense 1953 used on Treasure Island details the use of these toxic chemicals in the cleaning up of biological contamination at the Chemical Warfare School on Treasure Island.

Biological Warfare Defense 1953

As you can see the trainers would purposely infect vehicles for Atomic, Biological and Radiological Defense and this was the method used for Biological Training decontamination. For Chemical and Radiological decontamination they were dressed in chemical suits and washed the contaminents directly off of the vehicles and equipment and that is why this tiny Navy Base had several bus painting facilities to decontaminate and repaint the equipment for reuse in training.

ABC Warfare Defense 1960, 1963

ABC Warfare Defense 1960, 1963 Field Gun at Treasure Iland being decontaminated. That’s Alcatraz and the Marine Headlines in the background.

The CDC Report:
Link to page on CDC website Health Hazard Evaluation Report No. HETA 82-176-1236

PDF report:
Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-82-176-1236, U. S. Customs Service, Patrol Division Office, Treasure Island, San Francisco, California
Worker exposures to formaldehyde (50000) were investigated on April 21, 1982 at the United States Customs Service Patrol Division Office (SIC-9999) at Treasure Island, San Francisco, California. The evaluation was requested by the National Treasury Employees Union, Chapter 165, on behalf of eight workers who complained of eye, nose and throat irritation. Area air samples were analyzed, and employees were questioned about medical symptoms. Air samples contained 0.15 to 0.23 parts per million of formaldehyde. NIOSH recommends that formaldehyde exposures be kept to the lowest feasible limit. The workers reported eye and respiratory irritation, cough, chest tightness, headache, nausea, and fatigue. The authors conclude that formaldehyde exposure hazard exists at this work site. They recommend improvement of the ventilation system.

Continue reading “COVER UP – 1982 CDC Formaldehyde poisoning report at Customs Office on Treasure Island – nobody told them about the Biological Warfare Training”

Chemical Warfare Training at Treasure Island San Francisco started 7 Jan 1946 and then every 2 weeks

This article will be addedonto but I thought I should mention tht the Chemical Warfare training was conducted on Treasure Island and here are the course schedules

TRAINING IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA Naval training bulletin, June 1951 Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : Bureau of Naval Personnel

12th Naval District Chemical Warfare Instructor’s Course 7 Jan 1946 and then every two weeks

US Naval Training Bulletin January 1946 p. 17

Letter to the Navy in response to August 10 2021 RAB meeting

Dear Ms. Linz:
Can you send this to the meeting members
The Naval Research Laboratory conducted tests using mustard gas at Treasure Island to test the use of Decontamination Solution 2 versus DANC to be used in chemical warfare training on all navy bases. Mustard Gas was plentiful because the Navy was conducting chemical warfare training at Treasure Island.

https://treasureislandcalifornia.wordpress.com/2021/01/19/ti-the-smoking-gun-chemical-warfare-test-at-treasure-island-navy-evaluates-methods-use-to-clean-up-mustard-gas/

DANC is tetrachloroethane and RH195 powder which is a very concentrated form of Chlorine. The Navy at the time used the TCE for the tetrachloroethane when today we use it for Trichloroethylene which are both toxic in parts per million. They mixed 25 gallons at a time in metal garbage cans and dumped it directly onto the ground.

These photographs are from that article and their references are linked.

The training manual ABC Warfare Defense 1960 and 1963 were photographed on Treasure Island. You can see Alcatraz and the Golden Gate and the Marin Headlands in the background of the decontamination of the field gun photograph.

DS2 is
70 Percent Diethylenetriamine (DETA
28-percent methyl Cellosolve
2-percent sodium hydroxide by weight, also known as Lye or Caustic Soda.

DS2 was also dumped all over the ground and used on trucks, field guns, and the first USS Pandemonium which was located on Gateway Avenue right about where Kevin Elizabeth Kempf lives.

DS2 was so corrosive it required the repainting of the guns, trucks and vehicles used in the training , hence the need for auto hobby shops and bus painting facilities to repaint them for the next set of students. Later just painting over the vehicles was a way to contain the contamination but this presents a serious problem, what happened to those vehicles?

I have been going through the Navy reports starting with Operation Crossroads where on December 10, 1946 the Navy admitted to dumping radioactive sand from sand blasting and the radioactive acid from cleaning the pipes of the ships contaminated at the nuclear test at Bikini Atoll directly into San Francisco Bay and the order was given for all bays and harbors on the west coast and the Pacific making sure to not inform the barges that the content was radioactive so as to not cause a panic and in the process exposed the ecosystem to the contaminants directly.

https://disasterarea.home.blog/2020/10/18/dumping-nuclear-waste-directly-into-san-francisco-bay-and-used-as-fill-in-treasure-island-how-the-little-girl-found-fallout-in-her-treasure-box-the-cover-up-navy-report-10-december-1946/

Code 180 A
All/Crossroads/S99
S-E-C-R-E-T

NAVY DEPARTMENT
Bureau of Ships
Washington 25, D.C.

10 December 1946

MEMORANDUM

Subject: Conference on Radiological Safety; Report of.
Time: 0910, 27 November 1946.
Place: Navy Department, Bureau of Ships Room T3-2703.

Present: R.Adm.SOLBERG (BuShips) Col. NICHOLS (ManhatDist)
Capt. MAXWELL (BuShips) Col. ROPER (ManhatDist)
Cdr. REE (BuShips) Col. FIELDS (ManhatDist)
Cdr. HOFFMAN (BuShips ) Col. COONEY (RadSafe)
WesCoRep.) Capt.LYON (BuMed)
Cdr. LANGER (BuShips) Dr. HAMILTON (Univ.Calif)
Cdr. HAWES (BuShips)

So you see you should be looking for more chemicals and radiation in the Bay and on Treasure Island. The Army did it right and published their decontamination of the Edgewood Arsenal that also conducted the same training. You can learn from them! They did this with the EPA.

DTSC says that Treasure Island is unique for people living on a radiation site. It is unique to the DTSC but the EPA has 40 years of experience cleaning up nuclear radiation with people living on the site and you know what they did, they evacuated them!

I have been documenting the USNRDL technical reports where they were charged with decontamination of radiation in live fire incidents where the Navy purposely contaminated areas in Hunters Point Shipyard, Treasure Island, San Bruno and Camp Stoneman (Pittsburg CA) and Camp Parks (Dublin CA). The reports span the foundation of the lab all the way up to the late 1960s when the shipyard was determining the effect of sea water at depth on the SNAP portable nuclear reactors which were used in spacecraft (Mercury, Gemini and Apollo as well as satellites) and since the Navy was testing them at depth I am guessing sonar buoys?

Quite frankly I cannot see how you can justify placing people onto these sites.

There is a list of chemicals that were listed on site T117 in the Baseline report from 1994 and here is the link. The city placed the Treasure Island Skatepark between the Hazardous waste facility for Treasure Island when it was a base and the Radium Vault located on the other side of the building that forms the south wall of the skatepark. (between 343 and 342) You could not have picked a worse location for kids and young adults.

https://treasureislandcalifornia.wordpress.com/2021/08/02/treasure-island-radium-vault-and-hazardous-waste-facility-at-ti-skatepark/

Your contractors who are sampling the locations need to know that this history has taken place and adjust their sampling methods to search for this contamination and to warn them for their own personal safety of the types of contaminants present. One thing that needs to be said, and that is the people on the ground who are cleaning this up and the TIDA Members, the Navy, the staff and officials at City Hall, anyone who has stepped foot on these bases has been contaminated. It is not just the residents. So for your own health you need to investigate further before you subject 20000 more people to the contamination.

James Pepper

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2011 Nuclear Radiation Maps of Treasure Island Housing made by the Navy

Citation: TREASURE ISLAND, SITE 12 GAMMA SURVEY REPORT SURVEY DATES: APRIL 5-7, 2011

In 2011 the Navy conducted a radiological survey and found Radium, Thorium, Uranium, Radioactive Potassium and Radioactive Thallium under the housing at Treasure Island by driving a towed array of radiation detectors over the streets and yards producing a map of radiation for the Housing on Site 12 at Treasure Island Naval Base. This article will show many of the maps created of the Radiation at the housing on Treasure Island.

The materials were not cleaned up at the time, but these isotopes give off radiation at certain frequencies and by reading these frequencies we can know what types of materials are giving off the gamma and X rays of these specific isotopes. The Chart below shows the different frequencies and their corresponding isotopes listed across the top. This is gamma radiation. Alpha and Beta radiation require laboratory work to confirm their presence. So you would not be able to detect Plutonium in this study, which was used in the Radiation Training at Treasure Island.

The radiation was centered on the area of the island where the Navy conducted the Radiological, Chemical and Biological Training using mock ups of a ship, the USS Pandemonium, an airplane, and a field gun. Eventually the Navy would collect Radium objects that were in the first 10 inches of soil and place them in boxes to be sorted out later in 2018.

In response to the increase in radiation, the Navy extended the chain link fences in order to protect the residents from what turned out to be a nuclear disaster. See Survey Findings below.

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Building Housing on top of Munitions Bunkers at Treasure Island

Map of Site 12 showing the radiation found in the TREASURE ISLAND, SITE 12 GAMMA SURVEY REPORT
SURVEY DATES: APRIL 5-7, 2011 The red areas are three times the background level of radiation requiring removal.
BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, MAY 19, 1995 Note the T numbers
PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT SITE INSPECTION OF NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND, CA. VOLUME I, NEESA 13-092, NAVAL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUPPORT ACTIVITY, Port Hueneme, California 93043 April 1988

Treasure Island had Ammunition Bunkers located under the housing of the base which is located on the left side of this map and here is a close up below.

The Baseline survey claimed the Navy destroyed the bunkers before they built housing on the site but the bunkers are still there and the Navy has recovered munitions including a report in 2019 of a Japanese Mortar with over 6 pounds of high Explosive just in that one bomb which just for that one item the required setback for any civilian construction is 180 feet according to 27 CFR § 555.218 – Table of distances for storage of explosive materials. https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/27/555.218.

27 CFR § 555.218 – Table of distances for storage of explosive materials. https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/27/555.218
27 CFR § 555.218 – Table of distances for storage of explosive materials. https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/27/555.218

The Japanese Mortar Shell was one of many munitions listed in the 2019 report removed and detonated at Travis Air Force Base according to the
FINAL POST-CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT Non-Time Critical Removal Action for Solid Waste Disposal Areas Westside Drive, Bayside Drive, and North Point Drive, Radiological Characterization, Building Demolition, and Remediation, Installation Restoration Site 12 (Phase III) FORMER NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, December 2019, p 4-24

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ALL NAVY PERSONNEL Exposed to Radium for EYE TESTS 1944-1951

The Navy wanted to test for night vision, so they used a device called the Radium Plaque Adaptometer that used a slab of radium as the light source and exposed all Navy Personnel to this device directed at their eyes and head every 6 months from 1944 to 1951. It was placed 5 feet from their heads and they were to stare at the radiological object to conduct the test. they also were exposed by sitting in the room awaiting their turns to take the test. The Army continued to use this thing in the 1970s.

The device was issued to all ships and all bases and all Naval Hospitals and they were built at the Brooklyn Navy Yard so that area which is currently being developed for real estate was a radium manufacturing facility for the entire Navy.

Treasure Island got 10 of them in 1944 as shown in the orders below. 59.4 Rems/yr. of Radium waste were found on Treasure Island in 2018 exposing the people living on site 12 to deadly levels of radiation since the early 1960s. And to this day the city of San Francisco refuses to evacuate the people!

In 2014 the NAVY denied that this device was used on Treasure Island:

Final
Historical Radiological Assessment –
Supplemental Technical Memorandum
Naval Station Treasure Island
San Francisco, California
July 1, 2014.
p. 6

They purposely exposed all Navy Personnel worldwide on every ship, every base, every hospital to this device aimed at the eyes and head from 1944 to 1951 . Here are the orders that assigned 10 of them to TI in 1944 and removed them in 1951:

https://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015072851952

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Censored SF Board of Supervisors Meeting official transcript censored


The transcript is provided below. Link to the video of the meeting
The proceedings of the February 8th 2021 San Francisco Board of Supervisors Land Use Committee Hearing on the Treasure Island Cleanup was censored by someone in the City of San Francisco’s Government to remove sources, change the dialogue to make content appear to be the opposite of what was intended. They censored Board of Supervisors: Myrna Melgar, Matt Haney, Aaron Peskin and Dean Preston.

My testimony on the cancer and mutations of wildlife in the Bay was censored in this hearing. They removed my sources, including the Sausalito Marine Mammal Center and they added content that was not there. I want the person who did this to face the consequences of this crime!

I archived the city transcript. http://archive.today/ESWk0

The question I have is how long have they been doing this and how can we trust the public record if they are censoring it!

I took the hearing transcript made by Investigative Reporter Carol Harvey of The San Francisco Bay View National Black Newspaper which she confirmed the testimony with the parties that spoke as it was a 4 hour hearing and I compared it to the transcript the city published and it doesn’t match up. The city transcript does not match the video.

The deleted content will be strikethroughs and the added content by the censor will be in blue with square brackets around that text []. There is a lot of bad spelling in the censored transcript and content was added to change sentence structure and so when all of a sudden the censor decided to start a new narrative other than the one presented in the actual hearing, I noted the words changed, so if you see for example “word [Word]” the censor decided to start a new sentence where there was none. The background white text is the transcript by Carol Harvey of the San Francisco Bay View National Black Newspaper.

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