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Training manuals of the US Navy for Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare

I will be adding content to this as there are many training manuals and I will provide links to those online. I have to go through all ofthem. Here are some relating directly to Treasure Island, indicated in the documents.

ABC WARFARE DEFENSE 1960 and 1963 photogaphed at Treasure Island

Photographed on Treasure Island. Notice the Marine Headlands in the background and Alcatraz Island. This is near the Arsenic bubble that the Navy had to clean up , it would be in this picture behind and to the right and right next to the mock up ship the USS Pandemonium.

ABC warfare defense ashore: United States Navy 1060

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Chemical Warfare Weapons of the US from US Naval Training Bulletin March 1944

The US had chemical weapons ready to be used in retaliation to any German or Japanese chemical or biological warfare attack. We had various types of weapons shown in thsi chart from March 1944 Naval Training Bulletin.

Source” Naval Training Bulletin 15 March 1944

Naval Training Bulletin 15 March 1944
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Mustard VX and Sarin Gases used in Training for Chemical Warfare Schools 1978 Environmental Impact Statement

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Establishment of the US Army NBC Defense School
16 August 1978 (Revised 21 Nov 1978)

GB is Sarin Gas
VX is a Nerve agent
Mustard Gas burns the skin, lungs, eyes etc
U is Uranium
Pu is Plutonium
Cs is Cesium 137

Background on Joint training and the manuals

The Training at Treasure Island referred to in this Environmental Impact Statement for the creation of a new Chemical Biological and Radiological School which also includes the Environmental impact of a school. The entire book is an instruction manual on the use of Mustard, Sarin and VX Nerve Gas well as biological aand radiological training with step by step instructions.

This has been consistent in all training manuals, they encompass all sites with the training usually at Edgewood Arsenal, Treasure Island and Fort McClelland as shown below from the 1952 Chemical Warfare Defense manual cites those three sites for same training manuals, I will cite more below. Fort McClelland temporarily took over from Treasure Island from 1967 to the early 1970s when they moved the training devices and mock ups from the west side of the island under the present day housing to the north east side of the island.

This article will focus on the 1978 Report


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1978 EIS Appendix C-5 Alpha Field Survey

1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc.
using Uranium and/or Plutonium in these exerices.

Pu is Plutonium
U is Uranium
Cs is Cesium

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1978 EIS Appendix C-4 Radiological Decontamination Training Facility (Bromine Field)

1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc.

Similar facilities are in this articleon Treasure Island.

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1978 EIS Appendix C-2 – Mustard Decontamination Exercise

1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc.
The Government compensated Veterans of World War II for their training exposure to Mustard Gas and Lewisite (Aresenic) Chemical weapons. Unfortunately nobody mentioned that they didn’t stop using it for training even after the Treaties Banning it were passed.

Continue reading “1978 EIS Appendix C-2 – Mustard Decontamination Exercise”

Navy Medics to Study New War Defenses at Treasure Island and US Naval Biological Laboratory Oakland

Navy Medics to Study New War Defenses Oakland Tribune, Jan 5 1958 p 14

Atomic Biological and Chemcial Warfare course at Treasure Island.

U.S. Naval Hospital in Oakland
US Naval Biological Laboratory at the Naval Supply Center in Oakland
UC Radiations Laboratory at Donner Laboratory on the UC campus
General Electrics PG&E Atomic Reactor at Pleasanton
US Naval Radiological Laboratory at Hunters Point.

Chemical Warfare Training at Treasure Island San Francisco started 7 Jan 1946 and then every 2 weeks

This article will be addedonto but I thought I should mention tht the Chemical Warfare training was conducted on Treasure Island and here are the course schedules

TRAINING IN THE SAN FRANCISCO AREA Naval training bulletin, June 1951 Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : Bureau of Naval Personnel

12th Naval District Chemical Warfare Instructor’s Course 7 Jan 1946 and then every two weeks

US Naval Training Bulletin January 1946 p. 17