I will be adding content to this as there are many training manuals and I will provide links to those online. I have to go through all ofthem. Here are some relating directly to Treasure Island, indicated in the documents.
Photographed on Treasure Island. Notice the Marine Headlands in the background and Alcatraz Island. This is near the Arsenic bubble that the Navy had to clean up , it would be in this picture behind and to the right and right next to the mock up ship the USS Pandemonium.
GB is Sarin Gas VX is a Nerve agent Mustard Gas burns the skin, lungs, eyes etc U is Uranium Pu is Plutonium Cs is Cesium 137
Background on Joint training and the manuals
The Training at Treasure Island referred to in this Environmental Impact Statement for the creation of a new Chemical Biological and Radiological School which also includes the Environmental impact of a school. The entire book is an instruction manual on the use of Mustard, Sarin and VX Nerve Gas well as biological aand radiological training with step by step instructions.
This has been consistent in all training manuals, they encompass all sites with the training usually at Edgewood Arsenal, Treasure Island and Fort McClelland as shown below from the 1952 Chemical Warfare Defense manual cites those three sites for same training manuals, I will cite more below. Fort McClelland temporarily took over from Treasure Island from 1967 to the early 1970s when they moved the training devices and mock ups from the west side of the island under the present day housing to the north east side of the island.
1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc. using Uranium and/or Plutonium in these exerices.
1978 Environmental Impact Statement for the Army to build a brand new Chemical, Biological and Radiological Training Facility with references to the training at Treasure Island. These are the Course instructions, how they did it, what they measured out, etc.
GB is Sarin Gas VX is a Nerve agent Mustard Gas burns the skin, lungs, eyes etc
Appendix C-1 GB (Sarin) and VX Field Identification and Decontamination Exercises
When the government says that a site was cleaned up in the past, remember that the safety standards of the time are nuclear accidents today. It depends on when it was cleaned up. For instance the Nuclear Fuel Rod plant in San Jose was cleaned up to mid 1950s standards when the Atomic Energy Commission was worried about people getting Radiation Poisoniing and not the long term effects of cancer. It is now The Plant shopping center and it has to be re-evaluated for contamination. All of these sites have to be re-examined to determine if people are in danger!
(2) The dose in any unrestricted area from external sources, exclusive of the dose contributions from patients administered radioactive material and released in accordance with § 35.75, does not exceed 0.002 rem (0.02 millisievert) in any one hour.
(b) If the licensee permits members of the public to have access to controlled areas, the limits for members of the public continue to apply to those individuals.
Note that cleanup of nuclear materials before 1959 was concerned with preventing radiation sickness but when people started to develop cancer, the standards changed drastically. So sites cleaned up even a few years ago, including Treasure Island where the standards of the time exceed the safe levels today. This is a preliminary list, there are more.
Atomic Biological and Chemcial Warfare course at Treasure Island.
U.S. Naval Hospital in Oakland US Naval Biological Laboratory at the Naval Supply Center in Oakland UC Radiations Laboratory at Donner Laboratory on the UC campus General Electrics PG&E Atomic Reactor at Pleasanton US Naval Radiological Laboratory at Hunters Point.
The Bureau of Medicine was training medical personnel in Radiological Safety starting at Treasure Island on 4 July 1947.
The Damage Control School was in operation continuously since World War II and they were experimenting on various ways to clean up ships parked at Treasure Ilsand that were used in the Atomic Test at Bikini Atoll in 1946 but the first formal courses to be used continuously for 2 decades started at Treasure Island in January of 1948.
In November 1946 Training begins with a correspondence Course to get traininees ready for actual hands on training to be done later and to weed out the prospects.
Formal Course schedule of Radiological Safety 6 weeks of training at Treasure Island
The Navy started Radiological Training at Treasure Island in January 1948 but they had individual courses before aminly by the Bureau of Medicine.
IN 1946 Operation Crossroads was used to figureout how to clean up after an atomic bomb balst. Instead they accidentally irradiated most ofhte Pacific Fleet support ships that were not supposed to be irradiated. So tehy sent the ships to ports on the West Coast and at Norfolk to figure ut how to clean them and this led to the ships being parked at Treasure ISland where the Damage Control School was figuring out ways to clean up these ships and develop training courses that started in 1948.
It took them that time to develop the training manuals for radiological safety.
Training tranfers from Treasure Island to Fort McClellan Fall 1967