Radiation Training on Treasure Island using isotopes

From 1970 onwards the Navy used short lived Isotopes that they would paint onto surfaces of a mock up of a training ship the USS Pandemonium where they washed it off and scrubbed it off the ship into the Bay. Here is the training from United States. Army. U.S. Army Nuclear, Biological And Chemical School (AL,MD): Environmental Impact Statement. , 1979. We know it was done at Treasure Island because it says so in this text. We also know this because the training manuals including the 1960 and 1963 “ABC Warfare Defense” Training Manual (Atomic, Biological and Chemical) were photographed on Treasure Island. This is a photograph of the training with Alcatraz and the Marin Headlands in the background.

Note this training was regularly and continuously conducted as they had to train members of all branches of the military. Schedules can be found in navy publications of the times from 1947onwards for ABC Training.

You can see Alcatraz and the Marin Headlands in the background.
RADIOLOGICAL AFFAIRS SUPPORT OFFICE
REPORT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE VISIT
TO NAVAL SCHOOLS COMMAND, TREASURE
ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
15 APRIL 1974
RADIOLOGICAL AFFAIRS SUPPORT OFFICE
REPORT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE VISIT
TO NAVAL SCHOOLS COMMAND, TREASURE
ISLAND, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
15 APRIL 1974

Note the number of miscellaneous radioluminescent devices, held in a plastic bag were utilized as check sources were radium dials and radium foils that were found buried all around the original location of the USS Pandemonium which is under the housing at Treasure Island. See this article on the amounts of radiation dug up exposing the residents to over 90 REMS of nuclear radiation each year with one object that radiated 30 REMS a year found in 2021.

Here is the step by step training and safety precautions below

All of these isotopes are made in a nuclear reactor and are NOT low level radiation, they are byproducts. They have short lives and in the case of the aluminum 28 it had to be made onsite by a process called milking whereby they received Magnesium 28 and with a Milking device made by Tracerlab in Richmond they were able to milk the Aluminum 28 to be used immediately for radiological training. The radio-isotopes were supplied by various nuclear reactors in the bay area including the Aerojet nuclear reactors in San Ramon, the General Electric Vallecitos site near Pleasanton, UC Berkeley and possibly the nuclear reactor at 369 N Whisman road in Mountainview which is currently the site of Google Quad campus. General Electric’s Vallecitos Reactor is still in existence, the others were closed down due to more restrictive radiation safety standards rendered them dangerous.

We know a lot about these isotopes used at Treasure Island because the base regularly violated Nuclear Regulatory Licenses and I will list those license violations in a new article here once I write it. These violations include their Plutonium Berylium source for making neutron radiation (just like the demon core but smaller) and the usual problem was lack of monthly inspections to determine if they leaked.

Back to the manual:

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