Letter to the Navy in response to August 10 2021 RAB meeting

Dear Ms. Linz:
Can you send this to the meeting members
The Naval Research Laboratory conducted tests using mustard gas at Treasure Island to test the use of Decontamination Solution 2 versus DANC to be used in chemical warfare training on all navy bases. Mustard Gas was plentiful because the Navy was conducting chemical warfare training at Treasure Island.


DANC is tetrachloroethane and RH195 powder which is a very concentrated form of Chlorine. The Navy at the time used the TCE for the tetrachloroethane when today we use it for Trichloroethylene which are both toxic in parts per million. They mixed 25 gallons at a time in metal garbage cans and dumped it directly onto the ground.

These photographs are from that article and their references are linked.

The training manual ABC Warfare Defense 1960 and 1963 were photographed on Treasure Island. You can see Alcatraz and the Golden Gate and the Marin Headlands in the background of the decontamination of the field gun photograph.

DS2 is
70 Percent Diethylenetriamine (DETA
28-percent methyl Cellosolve
2-percent sodium hydroxide by weight, also known as Lye or Caustic Soda.

DS2 was also dumped all over the ground and used on trucks, field guns, and the first USS Pandemonium which was located on Gateway Avenue right about where Kevin Elizabeth Kempf lives.

DS2 was so corrosive it required the repainting of the guns, trucks and vehicles used in the training , hence the need for auto hobby shops and bus painting facilities to repaint them for the next set of students. Later just painting over the vehicles was a way to contain the contamination but this presents a serious problem, what happened to those vehicles?

I have been going through the Navy reports starting with Operation Crossroads where on December 10, 1946 the Navy admitted to dumping radioactive sand from sand blasting and the radioactive acid from cleaning the pipes of the ships contaminated at the nuclear test at Bikini Atoll directly into San Francisco Bay and the order was given for all bays and harbors on the west coast and the Pacific making sure to not inform the barges that the content was radioactive so as to not cause a panic and in the process exposed the ecosystem to the contaminants directly.


Code 180 A

Bureau of Ships
Washington 25, D.C.

10 December 1946


Subject: Conference on Radiological Safety; Report of.
Time: 0910, 27 November 1946.
Place: Navy Department, Bureau of Ships Room T3-2703.

Present: R.Adm.SOLBERG (BuShips) Col. NICHOLS (ManhatDist)
Capt. MAXWELL (BuShips) Col. ROPER (ManhatDist)
Cdr. REE (BuShips) Col. FIELDS (ManhatDist)
Cdr. HOFFMAN (BuShips ) Col. COONEY (RadSafe)
WesCoRep.) Capt.LYON (BuMed)
Cdr. LANGER (BuShips) Dr. HAMILTON (Univ.Calif)
Cdr. HAWES (BuShips)

So you see you should be looking for more chemicals and radiation in the Bay and on Treasure Island. The Army did it right and published their decontamination of the Edgewood Arsenal that also conducted the same training. You can learn from them! They did this with the EPA.

DTSC says that Treasure Island is unique for people living on a radiation site. It is unique to the DTSC but the EPA has 40 years of experience cleaning up nuclear radiation with people living on the site and you know what they did, they evacuated them!

I have been documenting the USNRDL technical reports where they were charged with decontamination of radiation in live fire incidents where the Navy purposely contaminated areas in Hunters Point Shipyard, Treasure Island, San Bruno and Camp Stoneman (Pittsburg CA) and Camp Parks (Dublin CA). The reports span the foundation of the lab all the way up to the late 1960s when the shipyard was determining the effect of sea water at depth on the SNAP portable nuclear reactors which were used in spacecraft (Mercury, Gemini and Apollo as well as satellites) and since the Navy was testing them at depth I am guessing sonar buoys?

Quite frankly I cannot see how you can justify placing people onto these sites.

There is a list of chemicals that were listed on site T117 in the Baseline report from 1994 and here is the link. The city placed the Treasure Island Skatepark between the Hazardous waste facility for Treasure Island when it was a base and the Radium Vault located on the other side of the building that forms the south wall of the skatepark. (between 343 and 342) You could not have picked a worse location for kids and young adults.


Your contractors who are sampling the locations need to know that this history has taken place and adjust their sampling methods to search for this contamination and to warn them for their own personal safety of the types of contaminants present. One thing that needs to be said, and that is the people on the ground who are cleaning this up and the TIDA Members, the Navy, the staff and officials at City Hall, anyone who has stepped foot on these bases has been contaminated. It is not just the residents. So for your own health you need to investigate further before you subject 20000 more people to the contamination.

James Pepper

Pyrotechnics Magazine was right next to the Radium Vault on TI

Building 458 is on the same block as the Radium Vault, the location where Treasure Island stored its nuclear materials from the Atomic Energy Commission and then later by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND CONTRACT N62474-92-D-3607 DELIVERY ORDER (0005) Prepared For: Engineering Field Activity West Naval Facilities Engineering Command San Bruno, California May 19, 1995

The materials were first sent to Fort Mason and the Military Sea Transport Service took them by ship to Treasure Island because you cannot move munitions over the Bay Bridge. So all of the area around Fort Mason needs to be evaluated by the EPA for not only nuclear radiation but chemical compounds as this fort was used in world war II to ship out material and personnel.

San Francisco has many bases that were used in World War II including the Damage Control School which was located at 21st street and Folsom Avenue in the Mission District.


Rear Admiral Montoya’s false claim The Navy had No Nuclear Accidents in Testimony before Congress

Congressional Testimony Battlegroup-cruiser Destroyer Group Homeporting, San Francisco Bay 1987 testimony with Letter to Barbara Boxer admitted to Hearing.

I will show the testimony and then list the nuclear accidents below. I will fill in the references over time as the amount of material is quite extensive.

Rear Admiral Montoya’s testimony

Comment F-4.1 “Regarding your concerns relative to a nuclear weapon incident, all U.S. Navy nuclear weapons are designed with multiple safety features. They are subject to rigorous analyses and testing to ensure weapon integrity even in the event of an accident. Built-in safety features are enhanced by strict administrative, safety and security procedures and controls, as well as the use of trained personnel who are subject to stringent reliability screening.

“The design and operating procedures for nuclear weapon systems are reviewed and approved by the Department of Defense and the Department of Energy to ensure they comply with U.S. nuclear weapon system safety standards. Periodic audits are conducted by independent Department of Defense and U.S. Navy oversight organizations to verify compliance with safety standards. In view of the multiple safety measures taken for U.S. Navy nuclear weapons, it is not credible that a nuclear weapon will explode accidentally due to a nuclear chain reaction.

“In over 30 years of deploying U.S. Navy nuclear weapons, there has never been an accident involving a nuclear weapon which resulted in a nuclear explosion, nor has a nuclear weapon incident ever occurred which resulted in any nuclear hazard to the public, civilian property or the environment.” SOURCE: Letter to Barbara Boxer from Rear Admiral B. F. Montoya, U.S. Navy, 15 April 1987. IV.3


Broken Arrow incidents where the Navy lost nuclear weapons

A-4E Skyhawk attack aircraft Carrying Hydrogen bomb fell off of the U.S.S. Ticonderoga Air Craft Carrier into the Pacific Ocean off of Japan December 5, 1965 when the Captain of the ship decided to turn the ship sharply while they were raising the airplane on the elevator, so it fell off the ship and sank 500 miles off the Japanese Coast.

Lost nuclear submarines

U.S.S. Scorpion Nuclear Submarine Sank in 1968
U.S.S. Thresher April 10, 1963
U.S.S. Guardfish radioactive resin accident 1975
U.S.S. Puffer Submarine radioactive water spill at Puget Sound
U.S.S. Proteus (submarine tender) leak of radioactive water at 100 mrems per hour. 100 Mrems is the total safe dose for a civilian in a Year!

Navy Nuclear Reactor Melt downs and tests of nuclear materials

The Seabees nuked Antarctica, they built the nuclear reactor at McMurdo that melted down and exploded
The US NAVY’s Post Graduate School at Monterey the nuclear reactor melted down but did not explode.

Portable nuclear power reactors

The USNRDL exposed fuel rods to neutron and gamma radiation with seawater at depth. The Navy’s SNAP Reactor tests at Hunters Point Shipyard after the Santa Susana nuclear disasters to create a portable nuclear reactor that will withstand sea water at depth and to be used in Spacecraft and other purposes. The program is similar to the Army’s ML-1 Reactor which was also a portable nuclear reactor that could be placed on a truck or an airplane and put into operation immediately to power a whole base. The component Parts of these portable reactors were made all over the Bay Area with reactors that today reside in housing developments.

Nuclear Weapons Tests

The Nuclear Tests in the Pacific which irradiated vast areas causing complete collapse of natural areas and subjecting thousands of people to nuclear radiation at the local level and of course background radiation throughout the world.

The Navy cleaned ships used in Nuclear Tests and thus dumped Plutonium, and other Radioisotopes directly into the Bays of the Bases at San Francisco, San Diego, Port Humene, Pearl Harbor, Mare Island, the San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point, Bremerton and Puget Sound, Guam and the Marianas, thus getting into the food chain directly.

The USNRDL, US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory at Hunters Point Shipyard

USNRDL US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory conducted Radiological Experiments throughout the Bay Area including San Francisco, San Bruno, Treasure Island, Mare Island, Pittsburg, Dublin in the Bay Area and at Port Huemene, The Farallon Islands, The Channel Islands, the Pacific Proving Grounds, and they exploded a hydrogen bomb 500 miles off the coast of San Diego, it was an underwater explosion.

The USNRDL also conducted Radiation Shielding experiments on ships in the southern most point of the shipyard which included acquiring neutron radiation sources to bombard the ship components with radiation. At first the neutron device was in the actual USNRDL lab but its neutron radiation (it was rated at 10 billion Rads per second) conflicted with the other experiments even with the protection and so they dedicated a building for it near the largest drydock and controlled that device from another building to save people’s lives.

See my Chronology Page for details on these subjects.


Navy denial of radiation on Treasure Island – the paper trail of the lie

The Navy has denied that any radiological activity took place on Treasure Island even when they have found 60 Rems per year of Radium from the top 10 inches of soil under the public housing on the site and just recently in May 2021 they found another 30 REMS per year of nuclear radiation under the public housing on the site. They originally made these claims while the Radiological School was still in operation on the Island, so there is no excuse, THEY LIED and the politicians have used this lie to perpetrate a fraud on the people of San Francisco, leaving them holding the bag for the cleanup.!

CONTRACT N62474-92-D-3607
Prepared For:
Engineering Field Activity West
Naval Facilities Engineering Command
San Bruno, California
May 19, 1995


Parcel Identification Map page 17 of 69 in PDF file

This report resides in multiple PDF files on the Envirostor Database and so there will be many links and it is the denial that was used to whitewash the 1995 report to deny any radiological activity but in the fine print it says the direct opposite, citing dumping of radioactive waste on the site where two examples are listed below and other references to the radiation can be found using a simple search of the documents.

The Paper Trail – the following is a list of people and their correspondence who made the false statement in the report that here was no radioactive materials buried on the island.

Page 2-9 is on PDF file page 55 of 69

“Radioactive Materials/Mixed Wastes. File information was reviewed to identify parcels where radioactive materials/mixed wastes were stored and the period of time they were stored. EFA WEST also provided information to ERM-West regarding radiological activities for all of the parcels on Treasure and Yerba Buena Islands. This information was obtained through the Naval Sea Systems Command Detachment, Radiological Affairs Support Office (RASO). A description of the material was included in the database.”

Page 4-8 p 26 of 35 in this PDF file

This is the letter that DTSC uses to claim no radiation at the site. This paragraph is in reference to a chart of each building and areas defined in the map (above) found at the beginning of the document that broke up Treasure Island into 120 separate areas and another 26 on YBI and this chart has no indication of radiation, no checkmarks in the radiation tab for each site. Why would they have it as an item if there are no checkmarks on it anywhere unless the report was censored?

There are other references to the USS Pandemonium and radiological training on Treasure Island in this overall baseline report. Again I want to emphasize that the reports conclusions do not match up with the content in the document.

Note T102 is the location of the first USS Pandemonium where they lost the Radium Needles and Radium materials (see below)

“Radioactive Materials/Mixed Wastes.  A check mark indicates that radioactive materials or mixed wastes are currently or were formerly used, stored, or disposed of on the parcel. This condition may preclude a parcel from being considered for CERFA-eligibility. Radiological issues were of particular concern to regulatory agencies for BRAC classification. Therefore, in addition to the review of on-site records, EFA WEST requested that RASO search for information on known and potential uses of radioactive materials at the base. RASO concurrence is required prior to nomination for CERFA, for lease, or for transfer. In a March 8, 1995, letter from Lt. Commander Heron of EFA WEST, to Mr. David Wang of DTSC, RASO concluded that there is no potential for residual contamination at NAVSTA TI (NSTI) as a result of licensed activities and no radioactive materials were disposed of on site. This conclusion from RASO applies to all parcels at NSTI and is documented in the results and bibliographic reference databases (Appendices A and B, respectively).”


Continue reading “Navy denial of radiation on Treasure Island – the paper trail of the lie”

Treasure Island Radium Vault and Hazardous Waste Facility at TI Skatepark – Update

The Radium Vault is a place the Navy stored radioactive Materials underground in a bunker that is a Hot Cell, a place of storage and mixing radioactive materials. It is located on the other side of the building from the Treasure Island Skatepark and TIDA knew this when they allowed the Skateboarders to build there. This may be the most radioactively impacted site on the base as it was used to store Radium, Plutonium, Cesium 137, Cobalt 60, Strontium and other radioactive materials.

Radioactive materials used during facility operation have included
Potassium-42, Sodium-24, Radium-226, Cesium-137, Bromine-80 and 82, and,
Plutonium-239 compounds (Table 5-1). Use of Radium-226 was discontinued by the Navy in 1984. Radioactive materials currently are stored in Building 344
adjacent to Building 343. p 5-8 Source:


Note Plutonium is an Alpha emitter and the only way to reliably confirm this is by using swabs to get it and then test it in a lab. Alpha contamination is also found in the Radium and this is particularly dangerous as alpha particles can get inside of you and slowly give you cancer over time. Bone cancers, lung cancer and blood cancers, are the most common types but it is particularly bad in young people still growing as it affects them much worse than adults. This is why when TIDA put the skatepark there knowing the location was next to the radium vault, that is murder. You can see the TIDA board with all smiles giving the Skateboarders permission to build their skatepark on the contaminated site. in the video at the end of this article.

Google Map if you zoom out of the map you can see the proximity to the Treasure Island Skatepark.

The bunker is that broken structure between the two buildings, it is a Hot Cell an underground bunker where you store nuclear materials, radioactive isotopes and the Navy is trying to tear it down but it is a bunker designed to safely store radioactive materials so all they can do is chip away at it. This is something you don’t want to be chipping away at, as it is radioactive in the extreme! Matt Smith found Cesium 137 on this site.

As you can see in this photograph that shows the hydraulic training school building and the damage control building, the entrance to the underground bunker is between the two buildings and the Navy is trying to remove it but it is well made and I will have an article on the construction of these buildings as the Navy published the regulations on how to build underground radiation and chemical bunkers.

And this photograph below is from the 1994 Baseline survey report showing the bunker properly identified between the two buildings.

page 55 of 83
BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND CONTRACT N62474-92-D-3607 DELIVERY ORDER (0005) Prepared For: Engineering Field Activity West Naval Facilities Engineering Command San Bruno, California May 19, 1995 
Radium Vault Structure 344 near the Hydraulic Training School buildings 342 and 343 to the left (North) on this map.
The Treasure Island Skatepark is located immediately to the left (North) of the former building 342 in the tennis courts in area 367. Building to the upper left of the tennis courts was used to store Hazardous Waste sent to disposal
Naval Station Treasure Island, San Francisco, California Phase II Ecological Risk Assessment
Draft Work Plan
Prepared by PRC Environmental Management, Inc. December 19, 1994

The following includes a list of chemicals that were located on the Hazardous Waste Facility on Treasure Island which makes up the East side of the property next to the Treasure Island Skatepark and it indicates the Radium Vault (344 on the map) which is next to the Hydraulic Training School (342) and on M Avenue near 5th Street. The Radium Vault information is here:

BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND CONTRACT N62474-92-D-3607 DELIVERY ORDER (0005) Prepared For: Engineering Field Activity West Naval Facilities Engineering Command San Bruno, California May 19, 1995  . page 5-253 p 253 of 302 in the PDF file

“Radioactive materials were stored at Structure 344 (radium vault) between 1961 and 1971. Quantities stored are unknown.” page 5-255 BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND CONTRACT N62474-92-D-3607 DELIVERY ORDER (0005) Prepared For: Engineering Field Activity West Naval Facilities Engineering Command San Bruno, California May 19, 1995

Treasure Island Development Authority allowed the placement of the Treasure Island Skatepark on the abandoned Tennis courts without telling the Skatepark founders that the Island was the site of the US NAVY’s Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare School and that the site is contaminated with nuclear and chemical waste.

The unsuspecting builders of the Treasure Island Skatepark used the lot directly to the East of the site of the Skatepark for raw materials, using earth to build up ramps and they drove the Concrete Truck across that field in order to build the ramps on the Skatepark, Here is a video of them doing that and watch as the Treasure Island Development Authority let them do it and fail to tell them the risks:https://youtu.be/xzkqlayu0MA

I will be updating this list with more information including the concentration amounts of the chemicals that were sent to the GSA on Naval Air Station Alameda to be sold to the highest bidder. That’s right, the Navy sold off its toxic waste to the highest bidder, some of the most dangerous materials on the face of the earth including the residue of chemical weapons training.

BASEWIDE ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE SURVEY REPORT FOR NAVAL STATION TREASURE ISLAND, CONTRACT N62474-92-D-3607 DELIVERY ORDER (0005) Prepared For: Engineering Field Activity West Naval Facilities Engineering Command San Bruno, California, May 19, 1995 pp 5-476-479

zirconium chloride (100 lbs./yr)
recyclable wastes (100 tons /yr)
hazardous waste (130 tons/yr)
4,4-methylenedis(2-chloroanimine) with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
adhesives, paints, solvents, toluene, 1,4-diisocyanate with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr); PCBs, including transformer articles, capacitors, ballasts,
and debris (1,000 to 100,000 lbs./yr)
potassium superoxide, sodium chlorate, barium dioxide, potassium hydroxide, and metal casings (500,000 to 1,000,000 lbs./yr)
magnesium and inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr); dimethyl sulfate with inert
components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
mercury vapor residue with metal and glass debris (10,000 to 100,000 lbs./yr); trimethyl ammonium resin (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
hydrochloric acid with water (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
plastic bags with OBA residue, which includes potassium hydroxide, potassium superoxide, barium dioxide, sodium chlorate, and debris; lithium batteries, which contain lithium metal, trace solvents, plastic/nickel casing and acetonitrile (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
mercury with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
nickel/cadmium batteries, which contain cadmium hydroxide, nickel hydroxide, cobalt hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, water, and packaging (1,000 to 10,000 lbs/yr)
hydrofluoric acid and water (1,000 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
emergency escape breathing apparatia, which contain sodium chlorate, potassium perchlorate, barium peroxide, lithium hyderoxide, and casing material (1,000 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
sodium cyanide, organic acid, water, and metals (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
sodium aside with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr); magnesium batteries, which contain
zinc metal, magnesium dioxide, mercuric chloride, zinc compound, ammonium chariot, water, and inert
materials (1,000 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
selenium compounds (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
beryllium, brake shoes/parts, rags, and clothing (500 to 10,000 lbs. /yr)
sodium cyanide with inert components (1,500 lbs./yr)
sodium arsenite with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
calcium hypochlorite with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
sodium hypochlorite with inert components (500 to 10,000 Ibs/yr)
methyl isocyanate with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
mercuric chloride with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
hydrazine with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
hypochlorite salts with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr)
lithium hydroxide with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs./yr);

sodium peroxide with inert components (500 to 10,000 lbs/yr)
vinyl chloride with inert component (500 to 10,000 lbs/yr)
potassium metal with inert component (500 to 10,000 Ibs/yr)
lithium metal with inert component (500 to 10,000 lbs/yr)
hydroiodic acid with inert component (100 to 10,000 lbs/yr)
hydrocyanic acid, phosphoric acid, and inert component (100 to 10,000 lbs/yr)
sodium bifluoride with inert component (500 to 10,000 lbs/yr)
mercury salts with inert component (100 to 10,000 lbs/yr)
cyanide salts with inert component (100 to 10,000 Ibs/yr);
hydrobramic acid with inert component (100 to 10,000 Ibs/yr)
sodium metal (10 to 100 Ibs/yr)
sulfuric acid and casing (1,000 to 10,000 Ibs/yr)
lead acid batteries, which contain lead and arsenic (1,000 to 10,000 Ibs/quarter)
chlorine gas (150 Ibs /yr)
selenious acid, curie nitrate, nickel sulfate, and inert components (100 to 1,000 Ibs/yr)
calcium metal (10 to 100 Ibs/yr)
white phosphorus with water (20 Ibs/yr)
yellow phosphorus (20 Ibs/yr).

During the site inspection, the following types and
quantities of hazardous waste were identified in the
southern portion of Parcel T1l7:
four safes and filing cabinets with asbestos-containing material
one 55gallon drum of mercury and silver amalgam
one 5 gallon drum of lubricants
one 55-gallon drum of film
one 5-gallon drum of toner
two 55-gallon drums of lead
one 55-gallon drum of empty propane cylinders
one 55-gallon drum and one 5-gallon drum of petroleum naphtha
one 55-gallon drum of trichloroethylene/ benzene.
Although these wastes were properly segregated, there was no secondary containment system.

The Skatepark was put together using found items including dirt from the neighboring areas. This video section starts with the Concrete Truck driving across the field used to store Hazardous waste to get to the site of the tennis court they used for the skatepark