90 REMS of Nuclear Radiation Per Year at Treasure Island – the Spreadsheet and the laws UPDATE

60 REMS / year of radium objects, deck markers, radium dials, all by product materials that were found in the first 10 inches of soil on the ground under the housing at Treasure Island. Note the navy spreadsheet marks micro rems as mR when it should be µrem/hr

This article explains the spreadsheet of radiological items discovered in 2013 which the Navy buried in a box below the housing in 2015 then removed them in 2018 thus exposing the residents to 60 rems per year for 5 years before they removed them, thus exposing the residents to 300 REMS of nuclear radiation in violation of the law.

On May 26th of 2021 the Navy reported finding new objects in the soil and one of them is 30 REMS per year of nuclear radiation or 3500 mR/hr. This one object is a nuclear accident, it violates the immediate one hour danger level of 2000 mR/ hr exposure and it violates the 100,000 mR/year exposure by 300 times the amount of radiation for a member of the public.

I will go into more detail on the recent find in another article but I posted the initial report at the end of this article.

Spreadsheet of 684 Radium objects, numbers 596 to 1280, found in the top 10 inches of soil10 at Treasure Island California exposing the residents to 60.409 Rems of Radiation each year.

55 REMS of that total comes from one location the B-25 box where the Navy collected radioactive objects found on the site of the Radiological Training Area on Treasure Island which was demolished to build housing upon the site starting in the 1960s. There are other objects some with radiation levels higher than in this list (including one that was 3500 mR/hr (µrem/hr) or 30 REMS per year in a report published on May 26, 202112 which means the exposure of people on the Island goes up to 90 Rems per year) and I will post them in subsequent articles to be linked here. An explanation of each column is below.

The Spreadsheet shows that they knew about the radiation, the exact amounts but let it sit there on the site over many years and the amounts add up. 2 years is 120 REMS of exposure, 3 is 180 REMSs, so every object they uncover adds to the amounts exposed to the public. This is a direct violation of the law:

42 U.S. Code § 9603 – Notification requirements respecting released substances

(a)Notice to National Response Center upon release from vessel or offshore or onshore facility by person in charge; conveyance of notice by Center

Any person in charge of a vessel or an offshore or an onshore facility shall, as soon as he has knowledge of any release (other than a federally permitted release) of a hazardous substance from such vessel or facility in quantities equal to or greater than those determined pursuant to section 9602 of this title, immediately notify the National Response Center established under the Clean Water Act [33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.] of such release. The National Response Center shall convey the notification expeditiously to all appropriate Government agencies, including the Governor of any affected State.

(b)Penalties for failure to notify; use of notice or information pursuant to notice in criminal case

If the EPA was informed of the radiation, they would have evacuated and taken over the site cleanup.

This report is the POST-CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY REPORT December 2019, full citation below. Table 7 lists the Radium objects in this report on pages 163-185.

200 Foot Boundary

200 feet is the boundary between a radiological site and the civilian residents. If a civilian lives within 200 feet of the fence of a radiological or any type of toxic waste site they are considered to be ON THE SITE. There is no boundary at Treasure Island, the residents are living ON THE SITE!

This is a direct violation of the very law cited on page 1-2 of this report where they claim compliance with the “National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (Code of Federal Regulations [CFR], Title 40, Part 300) and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation.

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 300 – The Hazard Ranking System:
5.1.1 Resident population threat. Evaluate the resident population threat only if there is an area of observed contamination in one or more of the following locations:

• Within the property boundary of a residence, school, or day care center and within 200 feet of the respective residence, school, or day care center, or

• Within a workplace property boundary and within 200 feet of a workplace area, or

• Within the boundaries of a resource specified in section, or

• Within the boundaries of a terrestrial sensitive environment specified in section

If not, assign the resident population threat a value of 0, enter this value in Table 5-1, and proceed to the nearby population threat (section 5.1.2).

There are two levels of safe radiation, one is the immediate dose and the other is the yearly dose. The Navy decided to only list the radiation by the hour to show that it does not exceed the immediate dose but failed to place on the same chart the yearly dose which prove it is a nuclear disaster area, so I calculated it by multiplying the per hour dose by 8760 hours in a year and divided the legal dosages per year by 8760 to get the hourly amounts.

60 Rems of radiation will give you a 1 in 4 chance of getting cancer11, that is just for starters, it gets worse from there. Also the Navy discovered this for these specific objects in 2013, why did they choose to not evacuate the people, knowing exactly the danger? That’s 300 REMS of Radiation needlessly exposing the residents of Treasure Island which increased their chance of getting cancer to 74 in 10011 And we now they had radiation surveys in reports published in 2007.

The RSY Pads in the above map (page 111) of the cleanup sites for nuclear radiation were places where they removed objects from B-25 boxes to dry out the materials and you will notice the locations are within 200 feet of housing. The materials in the boxes buried under ground which were collected in the past and buried there for the cleanup, had to be dried out as the conditions under ground is the water table is very high and they had to dry out everything so they exposed everyone to these dry out locations with the 60 Rems of radiation. This is gamma radiation which requires 6 feet of lead to protect you from the exposure so the radiation buried under ground is just as radioactive as when they put them on the drying locations. So the people of Site 12 have been exposed each year with the full dose of 60 Rems from these radium objects.

The correct symbol for a micro Rem is µrem. The footnotes to the Navy Table on page 185 of the report notify that they using Micro Rems which is a millionth of a Rem but they use the wrong symbol on their spreadsheets. The Navy’s spreadsheet uses mR for microrem. mrems are mili rems or 1/1000th of a REM.

So you have

The annual doss for a member of the public is 100 milli rems designated as 100 mrem

100 mrem is 0.1 REM

100 mrem is 100,000 micro rems which in this report is designated as mR but in the real world it is µrem and the only reason the would do this is to confuse people.

In this spreadsheet Item 777 at the top of the spreadsheet (above):
Cumulative number: 777
item number: 10/21/2015-337
Description: Foil
Date Recovered: 10/21/2015
Location Identified: B-25 Box 2830 95% complete
Originating SWDA (Solid Waste Disposal Area): Westside
Item loaded into US Army JMC Waste Brooker Transfer Container-date: 2/15/2018
Radiation Level Highest Contact (mR/h)1: 260I
Highest Contact Level per year x X 8760 (hours): 2,277,600 which is 2.2776 REMS per year)
Individual Members of the public Dose 100 mrems per year value in micro rems/per hour:11.4

Continue reading “90 REMS of Nuclear Radiation Per Year at Treasure Island – the Spreadsheet and the laws UPDATE”

ALL NAVY PERSONNEL Exposed to Radium for EYE TESTS 1944-1951

The Navy wanted to test for night vision, so they used a device called the Radium Plaque Adaptometer that used a slab of radium as the light source and exposed all Navy Personnel to this device directed at their eyes and head every 6 months from 1944 to 1951. It was placed 5 feet from their heads and they were to stare at the radiological object to conduct the test. they also were exposed by sitting in the room awaiting their turns to take the test. The Army continued to use this thing in the 1970s.

The device was issued to all ships and all bases and all Naval Hospitals and they were built at the Brooklyn Navy Yard so that area which is currently being developed for real estate was a radium manufacturing facility for the entire Navy.

Treasure Island got 10 of them in 1944 as shown in the orders below. 59.4 Rems/yr. of Radium waste were found on Treasure Island in 2018 exposing the people living on site 12 to deadly levels of radiation since the early 1960s. And to this day the city of San Francisco refuses to evacuate the people!

In 2014 the NAVY denied that this device was used on Treasure Island:

Historical Radiological Assessment –
Supplemental Technical Memorandum
Naval Station Treasure Island
San Francisco, California
July 1, 2014.
p. 6

They purposely exposed all Navy Personnel worldwide on every ship, every base, every hospital to this device aimed at the eyes and head from 1944 to 1951 . Here are the orders that assigned 10 of them to TI in 1944 and removed them in 1951:


Continue reading “ALL NAVY PERSONNEL Exposed to Radium for EYE TESTS 1944-1951”

1957 Atomic Energy Safe Radiation Levels are now nuclear accidents today

Chapter I – Atomic Energy Commission
Federal Register Tuesday, January 29, 1957 pp 549-554

Editor’s Note The Atomic Energy Commission produced a set of safe levels of radiation exposure for nuclear workers that today are nuclear accidents , for instance the exposure for hands and forearms feet and neck is 1500 mrems per week in 1957. Today the exposure of citizens for a year is 100 mrems, 10 for children! The USNRDL’s standard established in 1946 by Dr. Joseph Hamilton of the University of California Berkeley which was in use until 1969 was 100 mrems per hour.

These levels are very important for when an agency claims it has cleaned up an area, you have to ask what were the standards used to clean up that area and when was it cleaned?

So for example in this document it discusses the safe levels of radiation drained into sewers. For instance we know that the GE Nuclear Energy disposed of nuclear waste by pouring it down the drain into the sewer system of San Jose using the 1957 standards.

The 1957 Standards for Protection Against Radiation:

Chapter I – Atomic Energy Commission

Continue reading “1957 Atomic Energy Safe Radiation Levels are now nuclear accidents today”